Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Background: Excessive drooling of saliva (sialorrhoea) is a common complication of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Unfortunately current medications, which rely on anticholinergic properties, often induce systemic side effects, such as confusion, hallucinations or urinary retention.
Aim: We therefore hypothesise that local application of an anticholinergic aerosol spray into the mouth would reduce sialorrhea in PD without inducing systemic side-effects.
Method: A double blind, randomised, placebo-controlled cross-over trial of the muscarinic antagonist, ipratropium bromide in patients with bothersome drooling in idiopathic Parkinson’s disease. All patients are recruited from the Movement Disorders Clinic, Toronto Western Hospital and informed consent is obtained. Patients are randomised to receive ipratropium bromide, 1- 2 metered doses (sprays) of active drug (21 g per metered dose) or matching placebo, up to a maximum of 4 times per day, in a double-blind, cross-over design using randomisation tables. Total treatment length is two weeks for each limb of the study with a 1-2 week wash out period. The primary outcome measure is an objective measure of saliva production. Dental rolls are inserted into the mouth for 5 min and the patient instructed not to swallow and sit upright. The weight of dental rolls before and after insertion is calculated as a measure of saliva production. The secondary outcome measures are subjective measure of saliva where patients or caregivers record the level of saliva production each day for the 2 weeks of each treatment using validated subjective rating scales which assess drooling severity and frequency. In addition, parkinsonism is rated using the UPDRS parts I – IV and adverse events are recorded. The scores for measured saliva production following ipratropium bromide and placebo treatment will be compared using appropriate paired t-tests. Results from the scales assessing the subjective measures of saliva production and UPDRS ratings will be compared via paired non-parametric Wilcoxon matched pairs test. 20 patients will be recruited.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
ipratropium bromide (drug)
Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network
University Health Network, Toronto
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:45:56-0400
Certain lung disease medications can influence diagnostic tests and research investigations. This study will investigate how long ipratropium bromide must be withheld before a methacholin...
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multi-centre trial.The trial aims to evaluate efficacy of nebulized ipratropium bromide in Chinese peri-operative pa...
The objectives of this study are to assess the effect of salbutamol in comparison with ipratropium bromide on the geometry of central and peripheral airways and to correlate spirometric in...
The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the performance, accuracy, and handling of the actuation indicator in patients with COPD. The actuation indicator is integrated into mou...
Treatment with short acting β2 agonists for exacerbations of COPD results in clinical improvement. It has not been established whether combining short acting β2 agonists to other broncho...
There is growing interest in the use of glucagon-like peptide-1 agonists as treatments for Parkinson's disease following the recent publication of the results of the Exenatide-PD trial. In this random...
To examine the development of factors associated with insomnia in a cohort of originally drug-naive patients with incident Parkinson disease (PD) during the first 5 years after diagnosis.
Current therapies for Parkinson's disease are problematic because they are symptomatic and have adverse effects. New drugs have failed in clinical trials because of inadequate efficacy. At the core of...
Mood disorders are very frequent in Parkinson's Disease (PD), and their effective treatment is still a major unresolved issue: growing evidence suggests that glutamatergic system dysfunction is direct...
There is little experience with the effect of pregnancy on Parkinson disease because the number of women with Parkinson disease who are of childbearing age is small. We report four cases beginning dur...
A combined pharmaceutical preparation of Ipratropium Bromide and Albuterol Sulfate that is used to treat the symptoms of ASTHMA and CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE.
Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.
A selective, irreversible inhibitor of Type B monoamine oxidase. It is used in newly diagnosed patients with Parkinson's disease. It may slow progression of the clinical disease and delay the requirement for levodopa therapy. It also may be given with levodopa upon onset of disability. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p385) The compound without isomeric designation is Deprenyl.
A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)
A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
ipratropium for hypersalivationipratropium and droolingcan ipratropium be used for droolingipratropium for drollingipratropium hypersalivationipratropium bromide nasal spray for droolingipratropium nasal spray for droolingatroven salivaipratropium sublingual droolingipratropium nasal spray for droolingipratropium nasal spray for droolingipratropium bromide nasal spray for droolingipratropium for hypersalivationipratropium for hypersalivationspray for excessie salivation