Prevention of Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms and Behavioral Problems in Children After Road Traffic Accidents: a Randomized Controlled Trial
The purpose of this study is to study the effectiveness of an early psychological intervention 7-10 days after a road traffic accident on posttraumatic stress and behavior of children and adolescents
Within a randomized controlled design the effects of a brief psychological intervention (child, parents) after a road traffic accident shall be examined in a sample of 100 children and adolescents. After a baseline assessment 7-10 days after the accident participants are randomly assigned to an intervention or a control group. Both are re-assessed at 2 and 6 months after the accident by means of standardized questionnaires assessing posttraumatic stress symptoms, depression, and behavior.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Early psychological intervention
University Children's Hospital
University Children's Hospital, Zurich
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00296842
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Early Intervention (education)
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Brief therapeutic approach which is ameliorative rather than curative of acute psychiatric emergencies. Used in contexts such as emergency rooms of psychiatric or general hospitals, or in the home or place of crisis occurrence, this treatment approach focuses on interpersonal and intrapsychic factors and environmental modification. (APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 7th ed)
The use of severity-of-illness measures, such as age, to estimate the risk (measurable or predictable chance of loss, injury or death) to which a patient is subject before receiving some health care intervention. This adjustment allows comparison of performance and quality across organizations, practitioners, and communities. (from JCAHO, Lexikon, 1994)
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
An injury in which the damage is located on the opposite side of the primary impact site. A blow to the back of head which results in contrecoup injury to the frontal lobes of the brain is the most common type.
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