Assessment of Cardioversion Using Transesophageal Echocardiography II (ACUTE II)
SPECIFIC AIM: To test the safety and feasibility of using low molecular weight heparin (LMWH, enoxaparin sodium; Lovenox, Sanofi-Aventis) in lieu of unfractionated heparin (UFH) as antithrombotic therapy for patients in atrial fibrillation undergoing transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) guided chemical or electrical cardioversion to sinus rhythm.
HYPOTHESIS: Early cardioversion from atrial fibrillation can be safely performed using a short-term anticoagulation strategy of low molecular weight heparin (Lovenox, Sanofi-Aventis) compared to unfractionated heparin, accompanied by a TEE examination prior to cardioversion. The use of LMWH with TEE will result in a safe, cost-effective, and possible efficacious approach to cardioversion of atrial fibrillation compared to UFH with TEE.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
The Cleveland Clinic
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00289042
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Atrial Premature Complexes
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature atrial contractions or beats caused by signals originating from ectopic atrial sites. The ectopic signals may or may not conduct to the HEART VENTRICLES. Atrial premature complexes are characterized by premature P waves on ECG which are different in configuration from the P waves generated by the normal pacemaker complex in the SINOATRIAL NODE.
Abnormal cardiac rhythm that is characterized by rapid, uncoordinated firing of electrical impulses in the upper chambers of the heart (HEART ATRIA). In such case, blood cannot be effectively pumped into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES). It is caused by abnormal impulse generation.
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