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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the tolerability and safety of 25 percent human albumin therapy in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage.
An estimated 37,500 people in the United States have subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) every year. SAH is usually secondary to a brain aneurysm that has burst. In SAH the bleeding accumulates around the lining of the brain. SAH is associated with a 51percent mortality rate, and one third of survivors are left functionally dependent. Cerebral vasospasm, which is a delayed narrowing of the cerebral arteries following SAH, has been identified as the most important reason for neurological deterioration and bad outcome in cases of SAH. Cerebral vasospasm may be caused by multiple mechanisms.
Treatment with a neuroprotective agent, such as human albumin (HA), may be beneficial for prevention of cerebral vasospasm and improved clinical outcome in patients with SAH. HA is a major protein found in blood and is responsible for maintaining fluid balance in the vascular system (blood vessels). The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and tolerability of 25 percent HA therapy in patients with SAH. This open-label, dose-escalation study will provide necessary information for a future definitive phase III clinical trial on the efficacy of treatment with HA in patients with SAH.
The study will enroll 80 patients at 5 centers in the US. Patients with eligible SAH will first undergo surgical or endovascular repair, which is considered standard care. Endovascular repair is a repair of the aneurysm from the inside of the blood vessel.
Following neurosurgical or endovascular treatment, participants will be given a daily infusion of HA for 7 days. The HA dose will be allocated as follows: the first tier (20 patients) will receive 0.625 grams (g) of HA per kilogram (kg) of body weight; patients in the second tier will receive 1.25g of HA per kg; patients in the third tier will receive 1.875g of HA per kg; and patients in the fourth tier will receive 2.5g of HA per kg. Safety and tolerability will be evaluated by the Data and Safety Monitoring Board (DSMB) after each tier is completed and before the study advances to the next dose tier. A specific safety threshold for congestive heart failure and other adverse events has been defined based on data from previous studies.
In the follow-up phase, patients will participate in study-related evaluations of their health at 15 days and three months. Duration of the study for participants is 90 days.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
The Johns Hopkins Hospital
Baylor College of Medicine
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:46:29-0400
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