Coaching to Improve Care of Cancer Pain
An estimate of 90% of patients with cancer experience at least moderate pain at some point in their illness, and 42% of patients do not receive adequate palliation. The main objective of this research is to reduce barriers to pain control by creating more effective partnerships between patients and their health care providers. The aims of the study are: 1) to compare the effects on pain, cancer-related symptoms, and health-related quality of life of a standard cancer pain leaflet versus face-to-face, tailored education and coaching; 2) to estimate the effect of tailored education and coaching on patients' self confidence for managing their pain and participating actively in care; and 3) to examine the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of the intervention. The proposed model will enhance research on pain management in that it is a pilot-tested intervention that is applicable in the outpatient setting, based on Social Cognitive Theory, and focused on patient activation and education.
Background: A small, randomized trial was conducted in 2001, that supplied preliminary evidence that a carefully structured, one-time individualized education and coaching intervention has the potential to provide important clinical benefits for patients suffering from cancer-related pain. The study did not explore the impact of the intervention in a larger, more diverse patient population; the duration of the intervention's benefits; or the pathway by which the benefits are achieved. This project will attempt to address these issues while building on the literature that exists in palliation and physician-patient communication.
Objective/Hypothesis: The main objective of this research is to reduce barriers to pain control by creating more effective partnerships between patients and their health care providers.
Specific Aims: The aims of this study are: 1) to compare the effects on pain, cancer-related symptoms, and health-related quality of life of a standard educational intervention versus face-to-face, tailored education and coaching; 2) to estimate the effect of tailored education and coaching on self-efficacy for pain self-management and for participation in care; and 3) to examine the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of the intervention.
Study Design: The proposed study is a randomized, controlled trial comparing "education only" with tailored education and coaching for patient activation (TEC). Eligible patients scheduled to see their oncologist at any of the three participating health systems will be invited to participate in the study. Consenting patients will be randomly allocated to TEC or education only. The intervention will be applied during a brief session just before the scheduled oncology visit. Allocation will be concealed from physicians, interviewers, and data analysts. Patients assigned to the usual care group will review the content of a standard informational booklet on cancer pain. A health educator will review key learning points and be available to answer questions. Patients assigned to the TEC group will receive an intervention designed to improve self-efficacy for both pain self-management and participation in care. Data will be collected from patients in a private waiting alcove just prior to the index visit (personal interview); during the index visit (audio-taping); and then two, six, and 12 weeks after the visit (phone interview). In addition to assessing effectiveness of the intervention, the study is designed to measure potential mediators and intermediate outcomes (attitudes, beliefs, self-efficacy, patient participation, quality of care, and adherence) and to examine the mechanisms underlying the intervention's beneficial effects. The study will contribute to a test of Social Cognitive Theory by examining whether the benefit of the intervention is more powerfully attenuated by changes in attitudes and beliefs or by changes in self-efficacy.
Cancer Relevance: Uncontrolled cancer pain remains prevalent. An estimated 90% of patients with cancer experience at least moderate pain at some point in their illness, and 42% of patients do not receive adequate palliation. Aside from impairing quality of life, uncontrolled pain can contribute to depression, increase the likelihood of suicide, and decrease patient acceptance of potentially beneficial therapy. The proposed project is valuable in that it will confirm the benefit of patient coaching, elucidate its mechanisms, and test Social Cognitive Theory. The proposed model will enlarge existing research on pain management in that it is: a (1) pilot tested, easily implementable intervention that is (2) applicable in the outpatient setting, (3) based on strong theory that makes predictions about mechanisms of benefit, and (4) focused on patient activation as well as education.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Tailored Education and Coaching
VA Northern California Health Care System
Active, not recruiting
University of California, Davis
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00283166
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.
Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.
Education for specific trades or occupations.
Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.
Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
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