Visualization of the Cerebral Arterial Circulation Using Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Ultrasound in Code Stroke Patients

20:01 EDT 27th May 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to find out more about the usefulness of ultrasound in combination with a contrast solution to look for blood vessel blockage or occlusion in the brains of stroke patients.

Description

Ischemic stroke is a common, devastating and costly disease. A stroke is usually caused by a blockage in one of the arteries that carries blood to the brain.

The purpose of this study is to visualize the blood vessels in the brain and to look for vessel occlusion (i.e., blockage) which may be the cause of stroke. Ultrasound contrast imaging may or may not improve the ability to diagnose vessel occlusion in the brain quickly and precisely, thereby expediting the therapy currently in place for acute stroke.

The contrast solutions used in this study have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration because they improve ultrasound pictures taken in the heart. While the solutions are approved for use with ultrasound in viewing the heart, the usefulness in viewing brain vessels has not been approved and is experimental.

The study will enroll 403 participants with possible diagnosis of acute stroke. Individuals participating in the study will be injected with a contrast solution via an intravenous line. A small probe will be used to obtain images of blood vessels in the head. The study researchers will measure vital signs prior to injection of the contrast solution, 5 minutes after the injection, and at the end of the ultrasound. Each participant will have a 5-minute mental function assessment and a brief neurological exam. Participants will undergo at least 3 ultrasounds. The total time of each ultrasound is less than 30 minutes.

This study is part of the Specialized Program of Translational Research in Acute Stroke to enhance and initiate translational research that ultimately will benefit stroke patients. Results from this study may help investigators learn about the future development of new diagnostic tests for stroke.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Stroke

Intervention

ultrasound

Location

University of California San Diego Hillcrest Medical Center
San Diego
California
United States
92103-8756

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

University of California, San Diego

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.

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A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.

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