Hypothermia in Traumatic Brain Injury in Children (HiTBIC)

12:14 EDT 30th March 2015 | BioPortfolio


The purpose of this study is:

- To determine the safety and feasibility of performing an international multi-centre randomized control trial of early and prolonged hypothermia to improve outcome in children with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI).

- To determine whether in children with severe traumatic brain injury, prolonged initial hypothermia (minimum 72 hours at 32-33 degrees) improves the proportion of good outcomes 12 months after injury when compared to initial normothermia (36-37 degrees).


We propose to do a pilot study of 50 children admitted with severe TBI to paediatric intensive care units in Australia and New Zealand. Severe TBI will be defined as children with either (i) Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) ≤ 8 and an abnormal CT scan or (ii) motor score of ≤ 3 and normal CT scan. Children will be included only if they can be randomised within 6 hours of the injury occurring. Patients will be stratified a priori by (i) centre and (ii) Glasgow Coma Score. One half will be cooled to 32-33°C for 72 hours and then slowly rewarmed. If intracranial hypertension occurs during or after rewarming, the hypothermia group will have cooling continued until intracranial pressure (ICP) is controlled. The other half will have their temperature maintained at 36-37°C. All other aspects of care will be managed with a standardised protocol.

The purpose of this pilot study is to establish the feasibility of doing an outcome study with other international centres. It will also assess the safety of more prolonged cooling and protocol adherence. Primary outcomes will be the frequency of adverse events related to hypothermia, recruitment rates and protocol adherence. These children may also be able to be included in a larger trial.

The primary aim of the outcome study will be to determine whether, in children with severe TBI, prolonged initial hypothermia improves the proportion with good outcome 12 months after injury when compared to initial normothermia. Outcome will be assessed at 6 and 12 months. The primary outcome measure will be a Paediatric Cerebral Performance Category (PCPC) at 12 months after the date of injury, dichotomized to poor outcome (categories 4-6) and good outcome (categories 1-3). Secondary outcome measures will be (i) PCPC at 6 after injury (ii) standardised tests (intelligence and memory, functional outcome, attention, executive functions) 12 months after injury (iii) ICP and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) during the first 5 days of treatment (v) frequency and nature of interventions to control ICP/CPP (vi) duration of mechanical ventilation and (vii) potential adverse events.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment


Traumatic Brain Injury


Induced Hypothermia


Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children
New South Wales




Australia and New Zealand Intensive Care Society

Results (where available)

View Results


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Discrete Hypothermia in the Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

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Multimodal Neurodiagnostic Imaging of Traumatic Brain Injury and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

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PubMed Articles [18824 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Hypothermia for Traumatic Brain Injury in Children-A Phase II Randomized Controlled Trial.

To perform a pilot study to assess the feasibility of performing a phase III trial of therapeutic hypothermia started early and continued for at least 72 hours in children with severe traumatic brain ...

Diverse effects of hypothermia therapy in patients with severe traumatic brain injury based on the CT classification of the Traumatic Coma Data Bank.

A multicenter randomized controlled trial of patients with severe traumatic brain injury who received therapeutic hypothermia or fever control was performed from 2002 to 2008 in Japan (BHYPO). There w...

Meta-analysis of the efficacy and safety of therapeutic hypothermia in children with acute traumatic brain injury.

To evaluate the therapeutic hypothermia on efficacy and safety of children with acute traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Substance P Mediates Reduced Pneumonia Rates After Traumatic Brain Injury.

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The effect of traumatic brain injury on bone healing: an experimental study in a novel in vivo animal model.

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Bleeding within the brain as a result of penetrating and nonpenetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA. Traumatically induced hemorrhages may occur in any area of the brain, including the CEREBRUM; BRAIN STEM (see BRAIN STEM HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC); and CEREBELLUM.

Prolonged unconsciousness from which the individual cannot be aroused, associated with traumatic injuries to the BRAIN. This may be defined as unconsciousness persisting for 6 hours or longer. Coma results from injury to both cerebral hemispheres or the RETICULAR FORMATION of the BRAIN STEM. Contributing mechanisms include DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY and BRAIN EDEMA. (From J Neurotrauma 1997 Oct;14(10):699-713)

Abnormally low BODY TEMPERATURE that is intentionally induced in warm-blooded animals by artificial means. In humans, mild or moderate hypothermia has been used to reduce tissue damages, particularly after cardiac or spinal cord injuries and during subsequent surgeries.

Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.

Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)

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