Role of Epicardial Adipose Tissue in Coronary Artery Disease
We sight to evaluate whether patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have more epicardial fat than patients without CAD, which would suggest that epicardial fat may be more than an “innocent bystander” and be actively involved in the disease process. Its role as a modulator of vascular response and myocardial function could potentially lead to new areas of cardiac research. We also sight to evaluate whether epicardial fat from patients with CAD releases more adipokines than subcutaneous fat from these patients which could prompt studies into the differential regulation of adipokine secretion in this tissue. Thus for e.g., the use of thiazolidinediones (glitazones), statins, ARBs or other compounds that can specifically modulate adipokine secretion could be explored to determine their benefit in ameliorating the effects attributable to increased epicardial fat.
Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Prospective
Coronary Artery Disease
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00279227
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
Direct myocardial revascularization in which the internal mammary artery is anastomosed to the right coronary artery, circumflex artery, or anterior descending coronary artery. The internal mammary artery is the most frequent choice, especially for a single graft, for coronary artery bypass surgery.
A complication of INTERNAL MAMMARY-CORONARY ARTERY ANASTOMOSIS whereby an occlusion or stenosis of the proximal SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY causes a reversal of the blood flow away from the CORONARY CIRCULATION, through the grafted INTERNAL MAMMARY ARTERY (internal thoracic artery), and back to the distal subclavian distribution.
Pathological processes of CORONARY ARTERIES that may derive from a congenital abnormality, atherosclerotic, or non-atherosclerotic cause.
Abdominal artery that follows the curvature of the stomach. The right gastroepiploic artery is frequently used in CORONARY ARTERY BYPASS GRAFTING; MYOCARDIAL REVASCULARIZATION, and other vascular reconstruction.