Young Women's Breast Cancer Research Program
The purpose of this study is to identify novel genetic factors which distinguish breast cancer in younger women compared to older women. By identifying these novel genetic factors we believe more specific therapies can be developed and breast cancer may be prevented among women with an increased cancer risk. A woman does not have to live in St. Louis to participate.
Breast cancer takes its greatest toll on younger women, as it is the leading category of cancer deaths for women 20-39 years of age. Sadly, survival rates are lowest among women diagnosed at a young age. This impact is most significant among African-American women who have the highest incidence and mortality rate among women less than 45 years of age. The goal of our program is to identify the genetic factors which distinguish breast cancer in younger women compared to older women.
Women who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer 40 years of age or younger are invited to participate. The age at diagnosis is used to determine eligibility, not a woman's current age. Women who have undergone genetic testing of the BRCA1, BRCA2, p53, pTEN, e-cadherin, or LKB1 genes are eligible to participate. Young women with breast cancer are asked to: sign a consent form, submit a sample of blood, release their cancer related records, and answer some family history questions.
We will use a family based case control approach in our analysis. As such, if a woman's parents are living, they will be invited to participate as a "comparison" group. The parents are asked to: sign a consent form, submit a sample of blood, and release any cancer records.
A woman does not have to live in St. Louis to participate. All study related materials can be mailed directly to the young woman or her parents. There is no expense to the family. All materials are kept strictly confidential and participation is completely voluntary.
Observational Model: Family-Based, Time Perspective: Prospective
Invasive Breast Cancer
Washington University School of Medicine
Washington University School of Medicine
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00276120
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)
Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms
Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.
Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast
An invasive (infiltrating) CARCINOMA of the mammary ductal system (MAMMARY GLANDS) in the human BREAST.
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