Bone Marrow Stem Cell Infusion Following a Heart Attack

09:29 EDT 31st October 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this study is to determine the safety of giving a patient's own bone marrow-derived stem cells delivered with a catheter (tube) into the coronary arteries (blood vessels of the heart). Stem cells are simple cells produced by the bone marrow that can develop into many types of cells. It is possible that these cells will decrease the size of damage caused to the heart from a heart attack and increase the pumping efficiency of the heart; which can be decreased due to a heart attack. The stem cells will be taken from bone marrow and then given back into the heart vessels.

Description

This protocol will test the hypothesis that an intracoronary infusion of autologous, unfractionated, bone marrow mononuclear cells will attenuate infarct size and improve left-ventricular function in 60 patients following an acute anterior myocardial infarction who have undergone successful revascularization with PTCA/stenting.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Myocardial Infarction

Intervention

Autologous, Unfractionated Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells

Location

Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55407

Status

Recruiting

Source

Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Clinical Trials [2614 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

BONAMI (BOne Marrow in Acute Myocardial Infarction)

Emerging evidence suggests that stem cells and progenitor cells derived from bone marrow can be used to improve cardiac function in patients after acute myocardial infarction. In this rand...

Long Term Follow-up of Autologous Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells Therapy in STEMI

The benefit of current reperfusion therapies for ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is limited by post-infarction left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Many clinic trails showed the s...

Safety and Efficacy of Bone Marrow Cell Transplantation in Humans Myocardial Infarction

We will study in a prospective randomised fashion 50 patients who will be treated by intracoronary transplantation of autologous, mononuclear bone marrow cells (BMCs) in addition to standa...

Bone Marrow Derived Mononuclear Cells For Myocardial Regeneration

Evaluative pilot study for safety and feasibility with administration of autologous bone bone marrow derived mononuclear cells by endoventricular catheter into the normal border zone fo t...

Safety and Efficacy on Cell-Based Therapy in Patients With Recent Large Acute Myocardial Infarction

The purpose of this study is to test bone marrow mononuclear cells for patients with recent heart attack who are at high risk of experiencing heart failure. This study drug is made of you ...

PubMed Articles [26722 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Bone marrow mononuclear cell therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a perspective from the cardiovascular cell therapy research network.

To understand the role of bone marrow mononuclear cells in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction, this overview offers a retrospective examination of strengths and limitations of 3 contemporane...

Timing of transplantation of autologous bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells for treating myocardial infarction.

It is still unclear whether the timing of intracoronary stem cell therapy affects the therapeutic response in patients with myocardial infarction. The natural course of healing the infarction and the ...

Fractalkine levels are elevated early after PCI-treated ST-elevation myocardial infarction; no influence of autologous bone marrow derived stem cell injection.

Fractalkine (CX3CL1) is a chemokine associated with atherosclerosis and inflammation. There is limited knowledge of fractalkine levels during acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and stem cell treatment....

The Composite of Bone Marrow Concentrate and PRP as an Alternative to Autologous Bone Grafting.

One possible alternative to the application of autologous bone grafts represents the use of autologous bone marrow concentrate (BMC). The purpose of our study was to evaluate the potency of autologous...

Comparison of the efficacy of bone marrow mononuclear cells and bone mesenchymal stem cells in the treatment of osteoarthritis in a sheep model.

To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of uncultured bone marrow mononuclear cells (BMMCs) and bone mesenchymal stem cells in an osteoarthritis (OA) model of sheep.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.

A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.

An acute myeloid leukemia in which 20-30% of the bone marrow or peripheral blood cells are of megakaryocyte lineage. MYELOFIBROSIS or increased bone marrow RETICULIN is common.

The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.

Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.

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