Bone Marrow Stem Cell Infusion Following a Heart Attack
The goal of this study is to determine the safety of giving a patient's own bone marrow-derived stem cells delivered with a catheter (tube) into the coronary arteries (blood vessels of the heart). Stem cells are simple cells produced by the bone marrow that can develop into many types of cells. It is possible that these cells will decrease the size of damage caused to the heart from a heart attack and increase the pumping efficiency of the heart; which can be decreased due to a heart attack. The stem cells will be taken from bone marrow and then given back into the heart vessels.
This protocol will test the hypothesis that an intracoronary infusion of autologous, unfractionated, bone marrow mononuclear cells will attenuate infarct size and improve left-ventricular function in 60 patients following an acute anterior myocardial infarction who have undergone successful revascularization with PTCA/stenting.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Acute Myocardial Infarction
Autologous, Unfractionated Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00268307
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.
A cell-separation technique where magnetizable microspheres or beads are first coated with monoclonal antibody, allowed to search and bind to target cells, and are then selectively removed when passed through a magnetic field. Among other applications, the technique is commonly used to remove tumor cells from the marrow (BONE MARROW PURGING) of patients who are to undergo autologous bone marrow transplantation.
An acute myeloid leukemia in which 20-30% of the bone marrow or peripheral blood cells are of megakaryocyte lineage. MYELOFIBROSIS or increased bone marrow RETICULIN is common.
The soft tissue filling the cavities of bones. Bone marrow exists in two types, yellow and red. Yellow marrow is found in the large cavities of large bones and consists mostly of fat cells and a few primitive blood cells. Red marrow is a hematopoietic tissue and is the site of production of erythrocytes and granular leukocytes. Bone marrow is made up of a framework of connective tissue containing branching fibers with the frame being filled with marrow cells.
Neoplasms located in the bone marrow. They are differentiated from neoplasms composed of bone marrow cells, such as MULTIPLE MYELOMA. Most bone marrow neoplasms are metastatic.
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