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The proposed study will be a 6-week open label study evaluating aripiprazole in the treatment of 12 male post-pubertal adolescents (13-17 years, Tanner Stage 4) diagnosed with conduct disorder. The initial dose depending on the weight of the patient will be as follows: < 25 kg = 1 mg/d; 25-50 kg = 2 mg/d; 50-70 kg = 5 mg/d; > 70 kg = 10 mg/d (Data on File, 2003, Bristol-Myers Squibb). For the first two weeks of the study, the dose will be flexible based on response and tolerance and thereafter will remain fixed.
The use of atypical antipsychotics in children began in 1992 with several small case series with clozapine. Since that time, five other atypical agents, risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone and aripiprazole have been introduced into the US market. The newer atypical agents are not associated with agranulocytosis that has limited the usefulness of clozapine. Among the atypical antipsychotics, risperidone has remained the most extensively studied in children and adolescents, for a variety of problems, including Tourette's disorder, conduct disorder, schizophrenia, aggression, and pervasive development disorder. Risperidone has been shown to be an effective treatment in many of these disorders. However, weight gain, hyperprolactinemia, and extrapyramidal symptoms (EPS) are troublesome adverse effects more commonly associated with risperidone such that the drug's utility in this aged patient population is limited. We expect that the utility of aripiprazole in treating the pediatric population will not be limited by adverse effects like the other atypical antipsychotics.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
The University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics
University of Iowa
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:45-0400
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A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
An antipsychotic agent that is structurally related to piperazines and quinolones. It is a partial agonist of SEROTONIN RECEPTOR, 5-HT1A and DOPAMINE D2 RECEPTORS, where it also functions as a post-synaptic antagonist, and an antagonist of SEROTONIN RECEPTOR, 5-HT2A.
An indole derivative effective in schizophrenia and other psychoses and possibly useful in the treatment of the aggressive type of undersocialized conduct disorder. Molindone has much lower affinity for D2 receptors than most antipsychotic agents and has a relatively low affinity for D1 receptors. It has only low to moderate affinity for cholinergic and alpha-adrenergic receptors. Some electrophysiologic data from animals indicate that molindone has certain characteristics that resemble those of CLOZAPINE. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p283)
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Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...