Motivational Interviewing for Alcohol-Positive Teens in the Emergency Room
The purpose of this study is to determine whether motivational interviewing is effective in reducing alcohol consumption and alcohol problems among young adults who present to an Emergency Room.
The long term objectives of this program of research are to develop effective interventions for reducing problem drinking and associated problems among adolescents and young adults and to further enhance intervention approaches by identifying effective elements of treatment derived from cognitive behavioral social learning theory. Current approaches to behavior change in this area frequently rely on school-based primary prevention programs that do not address cessation/reduction issues for adolescents who are already drinking, rarely address motivational issues related to use and abuse, and cannot target school dropouts. Recently, two studies have shown Motivational Interviewing (MI) to be effective with alcohol-involved adolescents when compared to a control or no intervention condition, but have shown greater harm-reduction effects than alcohol consumption effects. In addition, mechanisms of MI have not been elucidated. The major purposes of this study re to compare MI to a minimal contrast condition in which personalized feedback is provided, and to determine if additional booster sessions will enhance outcomes. The population is older adolescents who have been treated in an Emergency Department (ED) following an alcohol-related event. Thus, school dropouts, a high-risk population, will be included in the study. A 2 (MI versus Feedback Only) x 2 (two booster sessions versus no boosters) factorial design will be used to examine whether a MI combined with booster can effectively change subsequent alcohol use and alcohol problems. Experimental manipulations will be evaluated 6, 9, and 12 months after baseline intervention. The study design has several strengths: (1) it will enable an investigation of the main effects of MI versus Feedback Only, providing a more stringent test of the active ingredients of MI than our current competitive segment permitted; (2) it enables an evaluation of the effects of continued contact as a separate factor; and (3) it allows a test of the interaction between baseline intervention type and booster contact. A secondary purpose of the study is to use explicit mediational analyses, tested within a Structural Equation Modeling framework, to examine the hypothesis that stage of change, use of behavioral alcohol reduction strategies, and alcohol treatment seeking will mediate the relationship between intervention and outcome. Finally, the study will determine whether the diagnosis of alcohol abuse or dependence affects responsivity to our intervention. In addition to its potential contribut8ion to theory, the importance of this work is its potential for providing a cos-effective brief intervention at a "teachable moment" to increase high-risk patients' interest in reducing harmful drinking and related risk-taking behaviors.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Active, not recruiting
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00246428
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
National Institute On Alcohol Abuse And Alcoholism (u.s.)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
Disorders stemming from the misuse and abuse of alcohol.
Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures
A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)
National Institute On Drug Abuse (u.s.)
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports a comprehensive research portfolio that focuses on the biological, social, behavioral and neuroscientific bases of drug abuse on the body and brain as well as its causes, prevention, and treatment. NIDA, NIAAA, and NIMH were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.
United States Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Adminis...
An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.
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