Study of Recombinant Porcine Factor VIII (FVIII) in Hemophilia and Inhibitors to FVIII
The ability of a new recombinant porcine coagulation factor VIII, B-domain deleted (called "OBI-1"), to control the non-life- or limb-threatening bleeding episodes patients with hemophilia A commonly develop is being evaluated. Patients with congenital hemophilia A and a low-titer (<20 Bethesda units [Bu]) inhibitory antibody to OBI-1, who meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria, will receive OBI-1 to treat their soft tissue or joint bleeding episode. At least the first two treatment episodes will be performed in the controlled setting of the hemophilia center/clinic/office, where any side effects can be observed. If the patient continues to meet the inclusion/exclusion criteria, has had no serious or severe adverse reactions to OBI-1, and has been in a home care program, the investigator may permit the patient to self-administer OBI-1 at home to treat subsequent bleeding episodes. The study will continue at least until 12 or more patients have received at least 24 treatment episodes in the aggregate.
The primary objective of the study is to evaluate the hemostatic activity of OBI-1 to control a bleeding episode in hemophilia A patients with inhibitors who are experiencing a non-life and/or non-limb threatening bleeding episode.
The secondary objectives of this study will be to assess the:
- safety of OBI-1,
- serial anti-OBI-1 and anti-human factor VIII (fVIII) inhibitor antibody responses following therapeutic administration of OBI-1, and
- pharmacokinetics of OBI-1 administered to control a bleeding episode.
After qualifying for the study at a Screening visit, patients will come to the investigator for treatment of a qualifying bleeding episode. After baseline blood samples are taken for inhibitor titer, a Loading Dose of OBI-1, calculated to inactivate the inhibitor, will be administered intravenously. After a blood sample is drawn to measure inhibitor titer and fVIII level, a Treatment Dose of 50 U/kg is administered. Serial blood samples will be drawn for fVIII levels for pharmacokinetics. At 6-hour intervals, additional Treatment doses, at increasing dose levels up to 150 U/kg, may be given if needed. Follow-up safety evaluations, beginning at Day 14, are scheduled; inhibitor titers against human fVIII and OBI-1 will be measured to assess continuing eligibility.
A second qualifying bleeding episode will be treated as the first, but without pharmacokinetic samples. If the patient's inhibitor titer against OBI-1 rises to > 20 Bu, further treatments with OBI-1 will be suspended until the titer decreases to 20 Bu or lower. Third and subsequent treatment episodes may be self-administered by the patient, under strict supervision of the investigator, in home care.
The study will continue until at least 12 patients have received at least 24 treatments, unless the Data Safety Monitoring Committee (DSMC) recommends a change in dosing calculations sooner.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
recombinant porcine coagulation factor VIII (OBI-1)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00245245
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Blood-coagulation factor VIII. Antihemophilic factor that is part of the factor VIII/von Willebrand factor complex. Factor VIII is produced in the liver and acts in the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation. It serves as a cofactor in factor X activation and this action is markedly enhanced by small amounts of thrombin.
The classic hemophilia resulting from a deficiency of factor VIII. It is an inherited disorder of blood coagulation characterized by a permanent tendency to hemorrhage.
Storage-stable blood coagulation factor acting in the intrinsic pathway. Its activated form, IXa, forms a complex with factor VIII and calcium on platelet factor 3 to activate factor X to Xa. Deficiency of factor IX results in HEMOPHILIA B (Christmas Disease).
Factor Xi Deficiency
A hereditary deficiency of blood coagulation factor XI (also known as plasma thromboplastin antecedent or PTA or antihemophilic factor C) resulting in a systemic blood-clotting defect called hemophilia C or Rosenthal's syndrome, that may resemble classical hemophilia.
A deficiency of blood coagulation factor IX inherited as an X-linked disorder. (Also known as Christmas Disease, after the first patient studied in detail, not the holy day.) Historical and clinical features resemble those in classic hemophilia (HEMOPHILIA A), but patients present with fewer symptoms. Severity of bleeding is usually similar in members of a single family. Many patients are asymptomatic until the hemostatic system is stressed by surgery or trauma. Treatment is similar to that for hemophilia A. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1008)
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