Assessment of the Effectivity of Total-Face Mask for Noninvasive Ventilation During Acute Respiratory Failure

2014-07-23 16:47:19 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Total-face mask may improve the efficacy of NIV compared to conventional face mask in patients with acute respiratory failure due to enhanced tolerance and the allowance of higher airway pressure without massive leaks.MAIN OBJECTIVE: To assess, in acute respiratory failure patients, whether the total-face mask reduce the intubation rate. METHODS: 300 patients admitted in the ICU for acute respiratory failure needing continuous noninvasive mechanical ventilation. The type of mask (total-face vs. conventional face mask) will be randomized. Defined failure criteria and weaning technique will be used.

Description

HYPOTESIS: Total-face mask may improve the efficacy of NIV compared to conventional face mask in patients with acute respiratory failure due to enhanced tolerance and the allowance of higher airway pressure without massive leaks.OBJECTIVES: To assess, in acute respiratory failure patients, whether the total-face mask reduce the intubation rate. Additionally, whether it may improve mask tolerance, skin pressure damage, number of patients receiving higher pressures, or even a reduction in mortality. METHODS: 300 patients admitted in the ICU for acute respiratory failure needing continuous noninvasive mechanical ventilation. The type of mask (total-face vs. conventional face mask) will be randomized. PEEp will be titrated to the best oxygenation and IPAP up to reduce dyspnea and respiratory frequency, with the limits at clinical tolerance and massive leaks. Defined failure criteria and weaning technique will be used. Data to record include clinical parameters and mortality risk score (SAPS II), and physiologic response to NIV (either subjective and objective), technique failures and outcome. EXPECTED RESULTS: The study has been powered to detect a 30% relative improvement in intubation rate from a 35% baseline incidence of intubation in the conventional group.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Respiratory Insufficiency

Intervention

Total Face Mask

Location

Hospital de Sabadell
Sabadell
Barcelona
Spain
08208

Status

Suspended

Source

Corporacion Parc Tauli

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T16:47:19-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.

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