Vorinostat and Gemcitabine in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Solid Tumors
This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of vorinostat and gemcitabine in treating patients with metastatic or unresectable solid tumors. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vorinostat and gemcitabine, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Vorinostat may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more tumor cells.
I. Determine the dose-limiting toxicity, maximum tolerated dose, and pharmacokinetics of vorinostat (SAHA) and gemcitabine in patients with metastatic or unresectable epithelial solid tumors.
II. Determine tumor activity of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, open-label study.
Patients receive oral vorinostat (SAHA) once daily on days 1-14 and gemcitabine IV over 1-2 hours on days 3 and 10. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of SAHA and gemcitabine until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. A minimum of 6 patients are treated at the MTD.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed for 30 days.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
vorinostat, gemcitabine hydrochloride
M D Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00243100
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on May 19, 2013
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A solid, unencapsulated tumor of the KIDNEY composed of spindle mesenchymal cells that resemble FIBROBLASTS or muscle cells. The homogeneous mass typically extends into the renal parenchyma and replaces most of the kidney. In most cases, mesoblastic nephroma is benign and occurs in the fetus or newborn, and rarely in the older child or the adult.
Carcinoma, Ehrlich Tumor
A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.
A malignant cystic or semisolid tumor most often occurring in the ovary. Rarely, one is solid. This tumor may develop from a mucinous cystadenoma, or it may be malignant at the onset. The cysts are lined with tall columnar epithelial cells; in others, the epithelium consists of many layers of cells that have lost normal structure entirely. In the more undifferentiated tumors, one may see sheets and nests of tumor cells that have very little resemblance to the parent structure. (Hughes, Obstetric-Gynecologic Terminology, 1972, p184)
A solid tumor consisting of a dense infiltration of MAST CELLS. It is generally benign.
An adenocarcinoma in which the tumor elements are arranged as finger-like processes or as a solid spherical nodule projecting from an epithelial surface.
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