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Efficacy of Cyclophosphamide Versus Methylprednisolone in Patients With Secondary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

18:14 EDT 24th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Preliminary not-controlled clinical studies of the efficacy of monthly intravenous cyclophosphamide administration in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis reported encouraging results, but no randomized controlled trial has been conducted so far. The primary objective of this trial is to evaluate the efficacy of IV cyclophosphamide as compared to IV methylprednisolone administered every 4 weeks during 1 year and every 8 weeks during 1 year, on the delay to confirmed disability deterioration as assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis. The secondary objectives are to evaluate safety, tolerability and efficacy at 2 years on the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC), the percentage of patients with disability deterioration (EDSS) and the number of relapses. An intention-to-treat statistical analysis will be carried out.

Description

Background

Preliminary not-controlled clinical studies of the efficacy of monthly intravenous cyclophosphamide administration in secondary progressive multiple sclerosis reported encouraging results, but no randomized controlled trial has been conducted so far. A slight efficacy of Methylprednisolone has been reported in this indication.

Objectives

The primary objective is to evaluate the efficacy of IV cyclophosphamide on the prevention of disability deterioration in patients with secondary progressive multiple sclerosis.

The secondary objectives are to evaluate safety, tolerability and efficacy of IV cyclophosphamide on the Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) and the number of relapses.

Study design

Randomized double-blind two-arm controlled trial.

Intervention

Experimental group : IV cyclophosphamide infusion administered every 4 weeks during 1 year and every 8 weeks during 1 year.

Control group : IV methylprednisolone infusion administered every 4 weeks during 1 year and every 8 weeks during 1 year.

Outcomes

Primary outcome : delay to disability deterioration as assessed by the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS: 0.5 or 1 point increase, depending on baseline score) evaluated every 4 weeks for one year, then every 8 weeks for one year.

Secondary outcomes : proportion of patients with disability deterioration (EDSS: 0.5 or 1 point increase, depending on baseline score), Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite (MSFC) and the Z scores of MSFC three components, number of MS relapses, proportion of patients with adverse events and delay of occurrence of adverse events, quality of life questionnaires.

- Quality of life questionnaires

- Disability self-assessment questionnaires Main time of assessment : 2 years.

Sample size

360 patients

Statistical analysis

Intention-to-treat analysis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Multiple Sclerosis, Chronic Progressive

Intervention

Cyclophosphamide (drug), Methylprednisolone (drug)

Location

CH de la Cote Basque
Bayonne
France
64109

Status

Recruiting

Source

University Hospital, Bordeaux

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)

An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)

Diminished or failed response of an organism, disease or tissue to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should be differentiated from DRUG TOLERANCE which is the progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, as a result of continued administration.

Progressive diminution of the susceptibility of a human or animal to the effects of a drug, resulting from its continued administration. It should be differentiated from DRUG RESISTANCE wherein an organism, disease, or tissue fails to respond to the intended effectiveness of a chemical or drug. It should also be differentiated from MAXIMUM TOLERATED DOSE and NO-OBSERVED-ADVERSE-EFFECT LEVEL.

Liver disease lasting six months or more, caused by an adverse drug effect. The adverse effect may result from a direct toxic effect of a drug or metabolite, or an idiosyncratic response to a drug or metabolite.

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