CACAF2 Study: Catheter Ablation for Cure of Atrial Fibrillation
The objective of this prospective multicenter randomized study is to establish the effectiveness of treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation by encircling the pulmonary veins with radiofrequency (RF) ablation and creating additional lines of block with the aid of the NAVISTAR® THERMOCOOL® catheter in conjunction with the CARTO™ EP Navigation System. Effectiveness will be determined by comparing the chronic success of ablation therapy versus antiarrhythmic drug therapy, defined as the absence of persistent tachyarrhythmias during the first 24 months after a run-in phase of 2 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
RF ablation, Drug therapy
Biosense Webster EMEA
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00227344
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rapid, irregular atrial contractions caused by a block of electrical impulse conduction in the right atrium and a reentrant wave front traveling up the inter-atrial septum and down the right atrial free wall or vice versa. Unlike ATRIAL FIBRILLATION which is caused by abnormal impulse generation, typical atrial flutter is caused by abnormal impulse conduction. As in atrial fibrillation, patients with atrial flutter cannot effectively pump blood into the lower chambers of the heart (HEART VENTRICLES).
A cardiotonic glycoside obtained mainly from Digitalis lanata; it consists of three sugars and the aglycone DIGOXIGENIN. Digoxin has positive inotropic and negative chronotropic activity. It is used to control ventricular rate in ATRIAL FIBRILLATION and in the management of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation. Its use in congestive heart failure and sinus rhythm is less certain. The margin between toxic and therapeutic doses is small. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p666)
Drug Therapy, Combination
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
An anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent coagulation factors. Warfarin is indicated for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of venous thrombosis and its extension, pulmonary embolism, and atrial fibrillation with embolization. It is also used as an adjunct in the prophylaxis of systemic embolism after myocardial infarction. Warfarin is also used as a rodenticide.
Removal of tissue by vaporization, abrasion, or destruction. Methods used include heating tissue by hot liquids or microwave thermal heating, freezing (CRYOABLATION), chemical ablation, and photoablation with LASERS.
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Background: Circumferential pulmonary vein ablation (CPVA) has been safely and effectively performed for treating paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF); however, its safety and efficacy, as...
The CABANA Trial has the overall goal of establishing the appropriate roles for medical and ablative intervention for atrial fibrillation (AF). The CABANA Trial is designed to test the hyp...
The study is conducted in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing clinically prescribed ablation. The study hypothesis is that ablation at specific sites that are identified to 'driv...
CABANA is designed to test the hypothesis that the treatment strategy of percutaneous left atrial catheter ablation for the purpose of the elimination of atrial fibrillation (AF) is superi...
Catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation is a meanwhile established therapy option, which is most frequently performed using radiofrequency ablation. Mid-term success rate of 70 % are ac...
There are limited data comparing radiofrequency catheter ablation with antiarrhythmic drug therapy as first-line treatment in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and rhythm outcomes between left atrial ablation and biatrial ablation in patients with atrial fibrillation-associated mitral valve diseases.
Atrial fibrillation is common among older persons. Catheter ablation is increasingly used in patients for whom medical therapy has failed.
To predict the recurrence of atrial fibrillation is important for selecting patients who will be undergoing catheter ablation, several studies respectively evaluated the risk factor of the recurrence...