Acetazolamide for Respiratory Failure in Combination With Metabolic Alkalosis
Respiratory failure is a common consequence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A concurrent metabolic alkalosis may worsen the respiratory failure, as a higher pH in blood (and thus in cerebrospinal fluid) results in a weaker respiratory drive. Use of diuretics is the most common cause of metabolic alkalosis.
When a patient with an acute exacerbation of a respiratory failure is also alkalotic, there are (at least theoretical) reasons to lower the pH in order to increase the respiratory drive. Among other alternatives, the drug acetazolamide can be used for this purpose.
In some hospitals there is a tradition for the use of acetazolamide on this indication, but any evidence for the effect of such a treatment is rather weak.
Thus, the aim of this trial is to evaluate the effect of acetazolamide as an adjuvant treatment for hospitalized patients with acute exacerbation of respiratory failure in combination with metabolic alkalosis.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Department of Respiratory Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital
University of Oslo School of Pharmacy
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00222534
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Adult
A syndrome characterized by progressive life-threatening RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY in the absence of known LUNG DISEASES, usually following a systemic insult such as surgery or major TRAUMA.
Conditions in which the KIDNEYS perform below the normal level in the ability to remove wastes, concentrate URINE, and maintain ELECTROLYTE BALANCE; BLOOD PRESSURE; and CALCIUM metabolism. Renal insufficiency can be classified by the degree of kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE. The most severe form is KIDNEY FAILURE. Renal function may deteriorate slowly (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, CHRONIC) or precipitously (RENAL INSUFFICIENCY, ACUTE).
Failure to adequately provide oxygen to cells of the body and to remove excess carbon dioxide from them. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Conditions in which the production of adrenal CORTICOSTEROIDS falls below the requirement of the body. Adrenal insufficiency can be caused by defects in the ADRENAL GLANDS, the PITUITARY GLAND, or the HYPOTHALAMUS.
Conditions in which the LIVER functions fall below the normal ranges. Severe hepatic insufficiency may cause LIVER FAILURE or DEATH. Treatment may include LIVER TRANSPLANTATION.
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