Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The purpose of this study is to compare the performance of tuberculosis (TB) and childhood immunization programmes in primary care facilities participating in the South African national antiretroviral treatment programme with those which have yet to be included in the ART programme.
Large-scale public sector antiretroviral treatment programmes, like those planned for sub-Saharan Africa, will compete for scarce resources, in particular scarce human resources, with other priority primary care programmes like tuberculosis and childhood immunization.
This could lead to impaired performance in other priority programmes like childhood immunization while health workers are distracted by the demands of establishing and maintaining ART programmes. On the other hand, ART provisions may have positive spin-offs for related programmes like improved case detection of tuberculosis among HIV-positive patients seeking ART. The impact of the ART programme on primary healthcare more generally must be weighed against the benefits of providing antiretroviral treatment to those with AIDS.
Comparison: Primary care clinics in the Free State province, South Africa. 15 clinics participating in the first phases of the national ART programme will be compared with 24 clinics which have yet to be included in the national treatment programme. The unit of analysis will be the clinic although the outcome data will be collected from individual patients.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Public sector antiretroviral treatment programmes
University of Cape Town Lung Institute
University of Cape Town
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:48:04-0400
In sub-Saharan African adults who start antiretroviral treatment following WHO 2006 guidelines, significant rates of severe morbidity - mostly tuberculosis - continue to be recorded. Patie...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the efficacy of immediate antiretroviral therapy versus 2 month deferred anti-Tb therapy upon the clinical course of tuberculosis and H...
The purpose of this study is to improve access to quality depression care for older, low-income, minority adults in public sector health care. The study will examine current depression car...
The use of fixed-dose combined (FDC) drugs in the treatment of tuberculosis by National Tuberculosis Programmes has been recommended by both the International Union Against Tuberculosis an...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the Private Provider Interface Agency (PPIA) program on quality of care. The PPIA is a tuberculosis pilot program implemented in the ...
Historically in the United States, the public sector has served as an equalizing institution through the expansion of job opportunities for minority workers. This study examines whether the public sec...
Many sub-Saharan African countries have massively scaled-up their antiretroviral treatment (ART) programmes, but many national programmes still show large gaps in paediatric ART coverage making it cha...
Nigeria had the most AIDS-related deaths worldwide in 2014 (170,000), and 46% were associated with tuberculosis (TB). Although treatment of people living with HIV (PLHIV) with antiretroviral therapy (...
During the Ebola outbreak in West Africa in 2014-2015, close cooperation between the curative sector and the public health sector in the Netherlands was necessary for timely identification, referral, ...
In high prevalence settings, tuberculosis and HIV dual infection and co-treatment is frequent. Rifamycins, especially rifampicin, in combination with isoniazid, ethambutol and pyrazinamide are key com...
An organizational enterprise between a public sector agency, federal, state or local, and a private sector entity. Skills and assets of each sector are shared to deliver a service or facility for the benefit or use of the general public.
A component of the private sector characterized by ease of entry; reliance on indigenous resources; family ownership; small scale operations; skills acquired outside of the formal sector; and unregulated markets.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Voluntary agencies concerned with prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.
The dormant form of TUBERCULOSIS where the person shows no obvious symptoms and no sign of the causative agent (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) in the SPUTUM despite being positive for tuberculosis infection skin test.
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by bacteria belonging to the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Over nine million new cases of TB, and nearly two million deaths from TB, are estimated to occur around the world every year, and new inf...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...