ResQ Trial: Impact of an ITD and Active Compression Decompression CPR on Survival From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
The purpose of this study is to determine whether performing active compression decompression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ACD-CPR) with an impedance threshold device (ITD) compared to conventional standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (S-CPR) will impact the neurologic recovery and survival to hospital discharge following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.
Despite receiving conventional, standard CPR (S-CPR), most patients who experience out-of-hospital cardiac arrest die prior to arriving at a hospital. At the present time, the hospital discharge rate following out-of-hospital, nontraumatic cardiac arrest in adults in the United States is estimated to be less than 5%. Many factors contribute to the current poor survival statistics, including the inefficiency of the technique itself. CPR provides only 10% to 20% of normal myocardial perfusion, and only 20% to 30% of physiologically normal cerebral perfusion.
A new method of CPR that combines ACD and an ITD (ACD-CPR+ITD) has been shown in animal models and in clinical trials conducted in Europe to provide significantly more blood flow to the vital organs and to improve survival rates when compared to S-CPR or ACD-CPR alone.
ACD-CPR+ITD works by decreasing intrathoracic pressure during the chest wall recoil (or decompression) phase of CPR, creating a vacuum within the thorax relative to the rest of the body. When compared with controls, use of ACD-CPR+ITD (a) enhances blood return to the thorax during the chest wall recoil phase, (b) enhances blood flow to the heart and brain, (c) provides real-time feedback to rescuers to maintain high-quality CPR, (d) improves overall CPR efficiency and, as a result of the forgoing, (e) improves short-term survival rates.
The sponsor and others recently evaluated the effectiveness of the combination of conventional, manual standard CPR±ITD in animals and humans. The ITD increased short-term survival rates in these studies as well. Two clinical trials were performed in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, under IDE (#G980125). Both compared S-CPR with either a sham (nonfunctional or placebo) or active (functional) ITD. The results from the hemodynamic study demonstrated that systolic blood pressure, the primary end point, increased from approximately 45 mmHg with the sham ITD to approximately 85 mmHg with the active ITD (P less than 0.05). Intensive care unit admission rate was the primary end point of the clinical outcome study.
Comparisons: The objective of this two-arm, multisite, randomized, pivotal IDE clinical trial is to compare survival to hospital discharge with neurologic recovery rates in subjects receiving S-CPR compared to ACD-CPR+ITD following out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in well-established American emergency medical services systems.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Use of an impedance threshold device (ITD) during the performance of active compression decompression CPR (ACD-CPR), Standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (S-CPR)
Site 07: Indianapolis, IN
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00189423
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Acoustic Impedance Tests
Objective tests of middle ear function based on the difficulty (impedance) or ease (admittance) of sound flow through the middle ear. These include static impedance and dynamic impedance (i.e., tympanometry and impedance tests in conjunction with intra-aural muscle reflex elicitation). This term is used also for various components of impedance and admittance (e.g., compliance, conductance, reactance, resistance, susceptance).
A type of impedance plethysmography in which bioelectrical impedance is measured between electrodes positioned around the neck and around the lower thorax. It is used principally to calculate stroke volume and cardiac volume, but it is also related to myocardial contractility, thoracic fluid content, and circulation to the extremities.
Recording changes in electrical impedance between electrodes placed on opposite sides of a part of the body, as a measure of volume changes in the path of the current. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The smallest difference which can be discriminated between two stimuli or one which is barely above the threshold.
Tight coverings for the foot and leg that are worn to aid circulation in the legs and prevent the formation of EDEMA and DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS. PNEUMATIC COMPRESSION STOCKINGS serve a similar purpose especially for bedridden patients and following surgery.
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