Randomized Trial of Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure or Synchronized Nasal Ventilation in Premature Infants.
Very premature infants uniformly do not have mature functioning lungs to breathe well nor mature regulation mechanisms to breathe regularly. Assistance with a mechanical respirator is common. However, prolonged use of a respirator can itself cause long-term complications. Furthermore, commonly used drugs to improve the regularity of breathing may have long-term consequence only recently recognized. This study will compare two different types of assistance using a nasally applied breathing assist device. The aim is to see which type of assistance is best at avoiding the need for both prolonged respirator use and drugs to regulate breathing.
Early extubation of premature infants may limit the deleterious effects of positive pressure ventilation. The primary cause of failure of extubation (and the need for reintubation) is apnea of prematurity. Standard treatment for improving extubation success and decreasing apnea of prematurity is with the use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP), use of methylxanthines, or both. Recent literature suggests that methylxanthines may have significant effect on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome.
This primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (sNIPPV) combined with standard nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) versus standard nCPAP alone, on the need for reintubation and the need of methylxanthine therapy in premature infants. The study period for the primary objective will be the first 7 days immediately after the initial extubation of premature infants with birth weights 500-1250 grams. A secondary objective is to identify any differences in duration of time free of endotracheal intubation and duration of time free of methylxanthine use between the two treatment modalities as measured from the first extubation attempt.
The study is a randomized, controlled trial using a new CPAP machine (Infant Flow advance™) that will be able to provide nCPAP with and without sNIPPV. Because of the mechanics of the sNIPPV mode, blinding of the study is not possible. The study is pragmatic in design allowing the medical staff to make clinical decisions on ventilatory management based on the routinely used criteria thus evaluating the study interventions in the everyday clinical environment. Analysis will be on an intention-to-treat basis.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure, Synchronized Nasal Positive Pressure Ventilation
Health Sciences Centre
University of Manitoba
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00188968
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Diagnostic measurement of the nose and its cavity through acoustic reflections. Used to measure nasal anatomical landmarks, nasal septal deviation, and nasal airway changes in response to allergen provocation tests (NASAL PROVOCATION TESTS).
Intermittent Positive-pressure Ventilation
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase when the patient has an artificial airway in place and is connected to a ventilator.
Positive-pressure Respiration, Intrinsic
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Nasal Lavage Fluid
Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
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