Phase 2 Study Of Neoadjuvant Iressa Treatment In Stage 1 NSCLC
- Non-small cell lung cancer Clinical Stage 1A (T1N0M0 a tumor that is 3 cm or less in greatest dimension, surrounded by lung or visceral pleura, and without bronchoscopic evidence of invasion more proximal than the lobar bronchus (i.e., not in the main bronchus)* or 1B (T2N0M0 a tumor with any of the following features of size or extent: More than 3 cm in greatest dimension. Involves the main bronchus, 2 cm or more distal to the carina. Invades the visceral pleura. Associated with atelectasis or obstructive pneumonitis that extends to the hilar region but does not involve the entire lung).
- Must be deemed appropriate surgical candidate
- ECOG performance status £ 2
- Age ³ 18 years
- No prior chemotherapy, radiotherapy or EGFR inhibitors
- History, physical examination, hematology, biochemistry, toxicity/baseline symptoms: within 7 days of registration
- Radiology: CT chest within 7 days of registration
- Tumor biopsy prior to treatment
- Gefitinib 250 mg will be administered orally daily x 28 days
EVALUATIONS ON TREATMENT
- Physical examination (vital signs, weight, ECOG performance status) weekly x 4
- Hematology (CBC, differential): Day 1,15, 29
- Biochemistry (creatinine, electrolytes, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, AST/ALT, protein): Day 1,15, 29
- Radiology: CT at baseline and after day 28
- Toxicity evaluation: continuous
DURATION OF TREATMENT
- Treatment is to be discontinued in cases of serious or unacceptable toxicity, or by patient or physician request
- Otherwise duration of therapy will be a maximum of 28 days
Primary and Secondary Outcomes:
- To assess the pathologic and radiological response rate after neoadjuvant Gefitinib treatment
- To assess the toxicity of neoadjuvant Gefitinib treatment in clinical stage 1A & 1B NSCLC
Treatment will be administered on an outpatient basis. Patients may be identified by thoracic surgeons, respirologists and/or interventional chest radiologists for study participation upon clinical and radiographic assessment.
**Diagnostic biopsy, Pretreatment Investigations
If patients have already had a core or FNA biopsy before referral, this material will be sought from the original pathologist for review and inclusion in the study with appropriate consent sought. If a patient does not have a biopsy upon presentation to the thoracic surgeon, and consents to inclusion in the trial, baseline non-invasive assessment will be carried out before a percutaneous biopsy will be mandated as part of entry into the study. After non-invasive staging, patients will be subject to biopsy. In collaboration with pathology, an immediate diagnosis will be made at the time of fine needle aspiration biopsy (or bronchoscopy). After a pathologic diagnosis of cancer is confirmed, subjects will be invited to have additional biopsies will be performed to obtain material for correlative studies, assuming no complications or technical difficulties have arisen. These studies will be done in collaboration with thoracic interventional radiologists from Diagnostic Imaging, who supervises the lung fine needle aspirates and biopsies.
All patients will undergo pre-study assessments for symptoms, performance status, radiographic assessment and blood tests (complete blood count, electrolytes, liver and renal function tests). Assessment of response will occur after the 4-week treatment period. Toxicity will be assessed continuously, with patient assessment weekly on treatment, repeat blood tests at 2 weeks and imaging of measurable disease at 4 weeks. All subjects will be invited to have their initial diagnostic biopsy and subsequent surgical tumor specimen examined as part of the laboratory correlate component of the study. Patients will be considered evaluable for pharmacodynamic assessment if they complete at least 21 of the planned 28 days of therapy.
Once competed, oral Gefitinib will be administered at a dose of 250 mg (1 pill) daily for 28 days prior to the planned mediastinoscopy. Patients may take the pill either with or without food, and are encouraged to take the medication at approximately the same time each day. If the patient forgets to take a dose, they should take the last missed dose as soon as they remember, as long as it is at least 12 hours before the next dose is due. If patient vomits after taking the dose, the dose may be retaken if the tablet is seen in the emesis. The last dose of Gefitinib will be administered not less than 48 hours prior to mediastinoscopy or surgery.
If the mediastinoscopy reveals the presence of Stage III disease, the patient's mediastinoscopy samples may still be analysed as part of the correlative study. Patients will be followed for 90 days or as long as required after the last dose of Gefitinib to ensure resolution of any Gefitinib-related toxicities. However these patients will be offered standard therapy for stage III disease off of study protocol, for example a combination of chemotherapy, radiation plus or minus surgical resection. If these patients do proceed to thoracotomy post-chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy, their resection specimen will not be eligible for this correlative protocol.
**Duration of Therapy and Follow-up
As outlined above, patients will be treated for 28 days before surgery and will also be followed for 90 days post-operatively after thoracotomy to ensure the recovery from surgery. Accrual is estimated at 2 patients per month, for 18 to 24 months, based on accrual rates to other thoracic surgical studies at UHN. Study duration is planned from August 2004 to June 2006.
All patients will be followed in the current standard of care at University Health Network. That is, clinic visits with chest x-ray every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months in the third year, and annually thereafter. Recorded information will only include vital status and presence or absence of disease recurrence.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Toronto General Hospital
University Health Network, Toronto
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00188617
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
Tumor Suppressor Protein P53
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
Carcinoma, Non-small-cell Lung
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).
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