The Twin Birth Study: A Trial Comparing Planned Vaginal Birth to Elective Caesarean Section of Twins
For twin pregnancies at 32-38 weeks gestation, where twin A is head down, does a policy of planned caesarean section (CS) lower the likelihood of death or serious illness, during the first 28 days after birth, compared to a plan for vaginal birth (VB)?
For twin pregnancies of 32-38 weeks gestation, where twin A is presenting cephalic, does a policy of planned CS decrease the likelihood of perinatal or neonatal mortality or serious neonatal morbidity, during the first 28 days after birth, compared to a policy of planned VB?
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Method of Delivery (CS versus VB)
Data Coordinating Centre/SHSC
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00187369
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Passage of blood from one fetus to another via an arteriovenous communication or other shunt, in a monozygotic twin pregnancy. It results in anemia in one twin and polycythemia in the other. (Lee et al., Wintrobe's Clinical Hematology, 9th ed, p737-8)
Work consisting of reporting using a method of detecting genetic causes in human traits and genetic factors in behavior using sets of twins.
Proteins produced by organs of the mother or the PLACENTA during PREGNANCY. These proteins may be pregnancy-specific (present only during pregnancy) or pregnancy-associated (present during pregnancy or under other conditions such as hormone therapy or certain malignancies.)
Twin Studies As Topic
Methods of detecting genetic etiology in human traits. The basic premise of twin studies is that monozygotic twins, being formed by the division of a single fertilized ovum, carry identical genes, while dizygotic twins, being formed by the fertilization of two ova by two different spermatozoa, are genetically no more similar than two siblings born after separate pregnancies. (Last, J.M., A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A complication of pregnancy in which the UMBILICAL CORD wraps around the fetal neck once or multiple times. In some cases, cord entanglement around fetal neck may not affect pregnancy outcome significantly. In others, the nuchal cord may lead to restricted fetal blood flow, oxygen transport, fetal development, fetal movement, and complicated delivery at birth.
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