The Influence of Psychological Interventions Upon Disease Progression in HIV-Infected Patients Receiving No Medication
This study examines the hypothesis that psychological interventions have beneficial effects on quality of life including psychological well-being and disease progression in early HIV patients recieving no medication.
Hypothesis: This investigation is based upon the hypothesis that psychological intervention may counteract the detrimental effects of stress both on psychological well-being and on general health.
Background: HIV infection may be considered to be a life-long biological and psychological stressor leading to detrimental outcomes associated with disease progression. Stress reduction in these patients may have beneficial effects through delaying disease progression via the proposed interactive psycho-neuro-endocrine-immune network.
HIV infected individuals CD4 T-cell counts above 200 cells/mcl Receiving no anti-retroviral drugs Individuals who signed the informed consent form
Investigative approach: Self-hypnosis and a Japanese non-touching, laying-on-of hands-like technique, called Johrei, were used to investigate the effects of psychological intervention upon immune parameters (especially in CD4 counts) associated with disease progression along with phenomenological associations between stress perception and stress hormone levels in HIV-infected patients receiving no medication.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
HIV Infected Individuals
Self-hypnosis, Johrei - a Japanese stress management system
Imperial College London
Imperial College London
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00180700
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Encephalitis Virus, Murray Valley
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), found in Australia and New Guinea. It causes a fulminating viremia resembling Japanese encephalitis (ENCEPHALITIS, JAPANESE).
Encephalitis Virus, Japanese
A species of FLAVIVIRUS, one of the Japanese encephalitis virus group (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUSES, JAPANESE), which is the etiological agent of Japanese encephalitis found in Asia, southeast Asia, and the Indian subcontinent.
Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent infection with Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE).
Encephalitis Viruses, Japanese
A subgroup of the genus FLAVIVIRUS which comprises a number of viral species that are the etiologic agents of human encephalitis in many different geographical regions. These include Japanese encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE), St. Louis encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, ST. LOUIS), Murray Valley encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, MURRAY VALLEY), and WEST NILE VIRUS.
A mosquito-borne encephalitis caused by the Japanese B encephalitis virus (ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS, JAPANESE) occurring throughout Eastern Asia and Australia. The majority of infections occur in children and are subclinical or have features limited to transient fever and gastrointestinal symptoms. Inflammation of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges may occur and lead to transient or permanent neurologic deficits (including a POLIOMYELITIS-like presentation); SEIZURES; COMA; and death. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p751; Lancet 1998 Apr 11;351(9109):1094-7)
Antenatal hypnosis is associated with a reduced need for pharmacological interventions during childbirth. This trial seeks to determine the efficacy or otherwise of antenatal group hypnosi...
This study is intended to investigate neurophysiological mechanisms of hypnosis using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and assessment of motor cortex excitability in healthy volunte...
The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of hypnosis in the treatment of chronic low back pain.
Using Virtual Reality Hypnosis to relief pain and anxiety for burn patients.
This study examined whether a hypnosis intervention, compared to standard care, could help reduce distress and pain for children undergoing an invasive medical procedure.
Although hypnosis was accepted in 1958 by the American Medical Association as an adjunct treatment, it remains an underused modality for alleviation of clients' suffering. This hesitancy to apply esta...
Hypnodontics, or the use of hypnosis in dentistry, is not widely used throughout the dental profession. Many patients seeking to use this therapy to help them access dental treatment are forced to see...
Chronic experiments on rabbits addressed the effects of the state of "animal hypnosis" on a motor polarization dominant created using a direct current anode in the sensorimotor cortex of the left hemi...
Hypnosis is a mental state or set of attitudes usually induced by a procedure known as hypnotic induction. In order to provide the basic physiological conditions for potentially successful hypnosis tr...
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, sh...