Inhaled Bicarbonate Therapy in Cystic Fibrosis
The purpose of this study is to see if inhaled bicarbonate will increase the ability to cough up mucus in a person with cystic fibrosis.
There is evidence that people with CF may have differences in the liquid that lines the surface of their lungs from people without CF. There are two things that are known to be different. One is called bicarbonate secretion, which is the movement of a salt called bicarbonate that is normally present in the blood and lung fluid in all people. The abnormal movement of bicarbonate appears to cause a second abnormality – the liquid in the breathing tubes has more acid than the liquid in patients without CF. These differences may affect the stickiness and thickness of the mucus and limit how well the hairs that line the breathing tubes (cilia) move mucus out of the lungs.
Recent studies in a group of patients with chronic cough looked at the effects of giving an inhaled bicarbonate solution (sodium bicarbonate instead of sodium chloride) on the study subjects’ ability to cough up mucus. Compared to the group given inhaled saline, the patients given inhaled bicarbonate were able to cough up approximately three times as much mucus. No clinical studies have looked at whether inhaled bicarbonate improves the ability of the lung in a person with CF to move mucus out of the lung or how this treatment affects lung function in patients with CF.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
inhaled sodium bicarbonate
Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh
University of Pittsburgh
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00177645
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.
Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator
A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)
Proteins that cotransport sodium ions and bicarbonate ions across cellular membranes.
Mice, Inbred Cftr
A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.
Membrane proteins that allow the exchange of chloride ions for bicarbonate ions across the cellular membrane. The action of specific antiporters in this class serve important functions such as allowing the efficient exchange of bicarbonate across red blood cell membranes as they passage through capillaries and the reabsorption of bicarbonate ions by the kidney.
The primary objective of this study is to assess the safety of inhaled sodium pyruvate in people with Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Further, to determine whether inhaled sodium pyruvate will impro...
It is hypothesized that the inhalation of sodium pyruvate will reduce lung damage in patients with Cystic Fibrosis (CF) by its ability to reduce levels of toxic reactive oxygen and nitroge...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability of a new inhaled sodium-channel blocker called 552-02 in teens and adults with cystic fibrosis. 552-02 will be inhaled...
OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy of enteric coated pancrelipase with bicarbonate (PANCRECARB) capsules versus the patient's usual enteric coated pancreatic enzyme without bicarbonate...
The objective of this trial is to determine the optimal region of the lung for depositing Prolastin (alpha-1 antitrypsin; AAT) by inhalation in order to treat cystic fibrosis (CF). The AKI...
The aim of our study was to evaluate the tolerance of two inhaled hypertonic saline solutions (HS) in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Mannitol dry powder for inhalation has been developed for the treatment of patients with cystic fibrosis. Two randomized, double-blind, multinational, 26-week, phase III trials (CF-301 and CF-302) exa...
Data regarding the role of inhaled colistin in critically ill pediatric patients without cystic fibrosis are scarce. Three children (one female), admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiar...
Cystic fibrosis is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene that lead to abnormalities in transepithelial ion transport in the airways of affected pat...