Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Primary: to investigate the effects of DNA repair gene polymorphisms on prostate cancer susceptibility, pathological grade, disease stage and clinical outcome Secondary: to understand the association between DNA repair gene polymorphism and prostate cancer and provided important information for screening, prevention and treatment of prostate cancer
DNA repair plays a key role in carcinogenesis through the removal and repair of DNA damage induced by endogenous and environmental sources. The DNA repair system included four pathways: 1) Base Excision Repair (BER), 2) Nucleotide Excision Repair (NER), 3) Mismatch Repair (MMR) and 4) Double-Strand Break Repair, including homologous recombination pathway and nonhomologous end-joining repair pathway. Decreased and impaired DNA repair capacity has been reported in various cancers, however, its effect on prostate cancer still under investigated.
Common polymorphisms in DNA repair gene may alter protein function and individual’s capacity to repair damaged DNA, hence, influence the cancer susceptibility. Polymorphic variants of DNA repair gene have been found to be associated with cancer susceptibility, but rare studies have investigated their effect on prostate cancer. Since variation in the function of these DNA repair genes also impact a cancer cell’s viability or resistance to treatment, genetic variants in DNA repair might serve as a valuable biomarker in forcasting the result of cancer treatment. In fact, some reports have demonstrated the association between polymorphisms of DNA repair genes and results of treatment of various cancers.
For the present study proposal, we focused on several DNA repair genes: X-ray repair cross- complementing group 1 (XRCC1), human oxoguanine glycosylase I (hOGG1), xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group D (XPD), hMSH2, hMLH1 and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3), which might have relevance in prostate carcinogenesis based on their known functions. XRCC1 is involved in DNA repair in the base excision pathway, the hOGG1 gene encodes a DNA glycosylase /apurinic-apyrimidinic lyase that catalyzes the excision and removal the 8-OH-dG (8-hydroxy- 2-deoxyguanine) - which is a major form of oxidative DNA damage. The XPD gene codes for a DNA helicase involved in transcription and nucleotide excision repair. The hMSH2 and hMLH1 are genes involved with mismatch repair. The XRCC3 gene encoded a protein in the double-strand break homologous recombinational repair pathways.
In this proposed study, we will also use PCR-based methods to investigate the effects of DNA repair gene polymorphisms on prostate cancer susceptibility, pathological grade, disease stage and clinical outcome. With these efforts, we will further understand the association between DNA repair gene polymorphism and prostate cancer and provided important information for screening, prevention and treatment of prostate cancer.
Observational Model: Defined Population, Primary Purpose: Screening, Time Perspective: Longitudinal, Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective
National Taiwan University Hospital
National Taiwan University Hospital
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:51:00-0400
RATIONALE: Vitamin E supplements may stop or delay the development of prostate cancer in patients who are at risk of prostate cancer or who have prostate cancer. It is not yet known which ...
This study is for men who have prostate cancer that has spread outside of the prostate gland and is no longer responding to hormone removal therapy. This study is designed to determine if...
The long-term goal of this proposal is to provide a pre-treatment evaluation that can assist in the rational selection of patients to undergo appropriate and definitive therapy for prostat...
There is controversy concerning the preferred treatment for men with localized prostate cancer with regard to the relative effectiveness of different treatments in controlling the cancer a...
The purpose of this study is to help doctors and patients make better decisions about prostate cancer treatment. This research is being done because we do not know how patient preferences ...
Intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) is a distinct histopathologic feature associated with high-grade, advanced prostate cancer. Although studies have shown that IDC-P is a predictor of progr...
Protective effects have been suggested for digoxin against prostate cancer risk. However, few studies have evaluated the possible effects on prostate cancer-specific survival. We studied the associati...
Prostate Cancer 3 (PCA3) is a long non-coding RNA (ncRNA) upregulated in prostate cancer (PCa). We recently identified a short ncRNA expressed from intron 1 of PCA3. Here we test the ability of this n...
Although the prognosis of localised prostate cancer is good, the negative effects of prostate cancer treatment often impair patient quality of life. A growing number of men experience these negative e...
Prostate cancer is the most frequent tumor found in men worldwide and in Mexico in particular. Age and family history are the main risk factors. The diagnosis is made by prostate biopsy in patients wi...
A glycoprotein that is a kallikrein-like serine proteinase and an esterase, produced by epithelial cells of both normal and malignant prostate tissue. It is an important marker for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
A synthetic retinoid that is used orally as a chemopreventive against prostate cancer and in women at risk of developing contralateral breast cancer. It is also effective as an antineoplastic agent.
Tissue ablation of the PROSTATE performed by ultrasound from a transducer placed in the RECTUM. The procedure is used to treat prostate cancer (PROSTATIC NEOPLASMS) and benign prostatic hypertrophy (PROSTATIC HYPERPLASIA).
Proteins secreted by the prostate gland. The major secretory proteins from the human prostate gland include PROSTATE-SPECIFIC ANTIGEN, prostate-specific acid phosphatase, prostate-specific membrane antigen, and prostate-specific protein-94.
Tumors or cancer of the PROSTATE.
DNA sequencing is the process of determining the precise order of nucleotides within a DNA molecule. During DNA sequencing, the bases of a small fragment of DNA are sequentially identified from signals emitted as each fragment is re-synthesized from a ...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...