Nutritional Therapy for Stroke Patients
Prospective, short-term studies in patients admitted for acute stroke have shown an increased risk of infections, bedsores, impaired functional outcome, slower rate of recovery, poorer rehabilitation potential and higher mortality in patients with a poor nutritional status. In hospitals without routine nutritional assessment and individual nutrition management plans, the risk of patients developing malnutrition may be increased. In this study, patients admitted for acute stroke are randomised into either receiving nutritional therapy derived from estimated individual nutritional intake and nutritional needs, or nutritional therapy based on routine care without routine assessment of nutritional status, intake, or needs. The primary outcome measure is the percentage of patients with weight loss ≥ 5 % at three month follow-up.
Prospective, short-term studies in patients admitted for acute stroke have shown an increased risk of infections, bedsores, impaired functional outcome, slower rate of recovery, poorer rehabilitation potential and higher mortality in patients with a poor nutritional status. Sixteen percent of stroke patients are already malnourished on admission to hospital. The incidence of dysphagia in patients with acute stroke ranges from 30 to 45%. Dysphagia increases the risk of developing poor nutritional status, and new cases of malnutrition develop during the hospital stay, even during the first week. In hospitals without routine nutritional assessment and individual nutrition management plans, the risk of patients developing malnutrition may be increased. In this study patients admitted for acute stroke are randomised into either receiving nutritional therapy derived from estimated individual nutritional intake and nutritional needs, or nutritional therapy based on routine care; without routine assessment of nutritional status, intake or needs. Nutritional therapy: enriched meals, sip-feedings or enteral feedings. Parameters of nutritional status: Weight, BMI, TSF thickness, mid upper arm circumference, body composition, s-albumin and s-transferrin. Estimation of nutritional intake: Daily registration of food and drink intake. Estimating functional status: Hand grip strength, Barthels ADL index and Scandinavian stroke scale. Estimating quality of life: EQ-5D.
Before the inclusion started we decided to use the percentage of patients with weight loss ≥ 5 % at 3 months follow-up as the primary outcome measure because this is correlated better to clinical outcomes as e.g. mortality and comorbidity. Secondary outcome measures were then defined as handgrip strength, quality of life, nutritional status, nutrient intake and length of hospital stay.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ostfold Hospital Trust
Ostfold Hospital Trust
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00163007
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Creation of an artificial external opening into the stomach for nutritional support or gastrointestinal compression.
The administration of nutrients for assimilation and utilization by a patient by means other than normal eating. It does not include FLUID THERAPY which normalizes body fluids to restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
By adjusting the quantity and quality of food intake to improve health status of an individual. This term does not include the methods of food intake (NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT).
Nutritional And Metabolic Diseases
A collective term for nutritional disorders resulting from poor absorption or nutritional imbalance, and metabolic disorders resulting from defects in biosynthesis (ANABOLISM) or breakdown (CATABOLISM) of endogenous substances.
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Nutritional physiology of animals.
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