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Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy on Sleep Disturbance in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients

16:42 EDT 25th July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Sleep disturbance is prevalent in chronic dialysis patients and there is a negative correlation between the quality of life and overall survival and sleep disturbance in them. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective behavioral therapy for insomnia clinically. In previous studies, cognitive-behavioral therapy can redress anxiety in chronic hemodialysis patients. This study tries to elucidate its therapeutic effect on the sleep disturbance in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.

Description

Sleep disturbance is prevalent in chronic dialysis patients and there is a negative correlation between the quality of life and overall survival and sleep disturbance in them. So many factors interfering the sleep of these patients, however, there is no effective therapy for them except some drugs, such as hypnotics or anxiolytics. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an effective behavioral therapy for insomnia clinically and it contains three therapeutic domains including stimulus control, sleep restriction therapy, and relaxation training. It has been proven to be beneficial in improving sleep pattern in chronic insomnia and cancer patients and alcoholism. In previous studies, cognitive-behavioral therapy can redress anxiety in chronic hemodialysis patients, however, there is no clinical evidence revealing its effectiveness upon sleep disorders in hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis patients. Our study tries to elucidate the therapeutic effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy on the sleep disturbance in chronic peritoneal dialysis patients.

We will perform cognitive-behavioral therapy to eligible peritoneal dialysis patients and evaluate the sleep condition before and after the therapy. Moreover, clinical conditions, biochemical and hematological parameters, inflammatory mediators in blood will be measured at baseline, before and after therapy.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Sleep Disorders

Intervention

cognitive-behavioral therapy

Location

National Taiwan University Hospital
Taiwan
Taiwan
100

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Taiwan University Hospital

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)

Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)

Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.

Parasomnias characterized by behavioral abnormalities that occur during the transition between wakefulness and sleep (or between sleep and wakefulness).

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