Developing Criteria for Cortical Resections
The purpose of this study is to study how disease processes like tumors or epilepsy spread in the brain.
The purpose of this study is to study how disease processes like tumors or epilepsy spread in the brain. During surgery small pieces of abnormal (unusual) brain tissue may be removed. We analyze these specimens using more advanced microscopic and electrophysiologic techniques than are usually applied to such tissue specimens. In addition, some tissues can be maintained in laboratory conditions to allow analysis over the longer term. No extra brain tissue is taken to perform these studies. The tissue analysis is performed by the research team and are compared to the routine (normal) electrical recordings that are taken during this type of brain surgery. Currently there are no instructions telling a doctor how much brain tissue should be cut out to prevent the spread of tumors or epilepsy. We are hoping that the results of this study help us to better know how much brain tissue needs to be removed to prevent the spread of tumors or epilepsy.
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Tissue sample (procedure/screening)
The University of Chicago Hospitals, The University of Chicago Comer Children's Hospital
University of Chicago
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00152659
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Anterior Temporal Lobectomy
A neurosurgical procedure that removes the anterior TEMPORAL LOBE including the medial temporal structures of CEREBRAL CORTEX; AMYGDALA; HIPPOCAMPUS; and the adjacent PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS. This procedure is generally used for the treatment of intractable temporal epilepsy (EPILEPSY, TEMPORAL LOBE).
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
A procedure whereby the body is stimulated to generate extra soft tissue by the application of stretching forces that stimulate new growth of tissue which, over a period of time, results in a 2-dimensional expansion of the tissue. The procedure is used in reconstructive surgery for injuries caused by trauma, burns, or ablative surgery. Various types of TISSUE EXPANSION DEVICES have been developed that exert stretching forces.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
High-throughput Screening Assays
Rapid methods of measuring the effects of an agent in a biological or chemical assay. The assay usually involves some form of automation or a way to conduct multiple assays at the same time using sample arrays.
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