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Effect of Losartan on Retinal Endothelial Function in Patients With Essential Hypertension

18:17 EDT 24th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Essential hypertension is commonly associated with impaired endothelial function. The retinal vasculature is morphologically and functionally related to the cerebral vessels because of the common origin from the internal carotid artery. A recent study in hypertensive patients demonstrated that endothelial function of the retinal vasculature is impaired in hypertensive patients and that it can be restored by treatment with an AT1-receptor antagonist. It is not clear whether this effect is due to blood pressure lowering or whether this is a blood pressure independent effect. The present randomized, double blind study with a cross over design addresses this issue by comparing the effects of losartan and metoprolol on retinal endothelial function in patients with essential hypertension.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Hypertension

Intervention

Losartan, Metoprolol

Location

CRC, Med. Klinik 4, University of Erlangen-Nürnberg
Erlangen
Germany
91054

Status

Completed

Source

University of Erlangen-Nürnberg Medical School

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A selective adrenergic beta-1-blocking agent with no stimulatory action. It's binding to plasma albumin is weaker than alprenolol and it may be useful in angina pectoris, hypertension, or cardiac arrhythmias.

An antagonist of ANGIOTENSIN TYPE 1 RECEPTOR with antihypertensive activity due to the reduced pressor effect of ANGIOTENSIN II.

A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.

Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.

Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.

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