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Buprenorphine is a treatment for opioid dependence. Naloxone is given in addition to buprenorphine in order to limit the abuse potential that is commonly associated with buprenorphine. The purpose of this study is to determine the abuse potential of high doses of buprenorphine/naloxone in opioid dependent individuals.
Buprenorphine, a mixed agonist-antagonist opioid (or partial agonist), is a safe and effective treatment for opioid dependence. However, there is concern that buprenorphine may be abused due to its high abuse potential. A sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone combination tablet may reduce the risk of abuse associated with buprenorphine alone. The purpose of this study is to determine the abuse potential of acute doses of buprenorphine/naloxone in individuals who are maintained on different daily doses of sublingual buprenorphine/naloxone.
Participants will be maintained on both low and high doses of buprenorphine/naloxone. They will be challenged with low- and high-dose injected buprenorphine/naloxone, as well as active and placebo controls at each maintenance dose. During study visits, physiologic, subjective, and psychomotor responses to challenge sessions will be monitored and compared to known pharmacologic effects of opioid drugs.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics/Dynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Johns Hopkins University (BPRU) Bayview Campus
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:28:49-0400
Buprenorphine is a treatment for opioid dependence. Naloxone is given in addition to buprenorphine in order to limit the abuse potential that is commonly associated with buprenorphine. The...
Buprenorphine is a medication used to treat opioid addiction, but individuals who use this drug are at risk of abusing it. A buprenorphine and naloxone combination may reduce the likelihoo...
The purpose of this study is to assess the abuse liability and examine the reinforcing effects of intravenous buprenorphine and buprenorphine/naloxone combinations in buprenorphine-naloxon...
The purpose of this study is to compare two 3-month treatments for adolescents/young adults who are addicted to heroin: buprenorphine/naloxone combined with psychosocial therapy and treatm...
The purpose of this study is to compare the presence, degree, time course and profile of opioid withdrawal symptoms associated with induction onto new formulations of buprenorphine or bupr...
Expanding access to office-based medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine/naloxone for opioid dependence is a key part of the national strategy to address the opioid abuse epidemic (1). Howeve...
Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid used for the treatment of opioid dependence. Opioid use, including buprenorphine, has been increasing in recent years, in the general population and in pregnan...
The effectiveness of buprenorphine treatment of opioid dependence is limited by suboptimal medication adherence, abuse, and diversion.
Fatal outcome of opioid overdose, once detected, is preventable through timely administration of the antidote naloxone. Take-home naloxone provision directly to opioid users for emergency use has been...
It has been suggested that distributing naloxone to people who inject drugs (PWID) will lead to fewer attendances by emergency medical services at opioid-related overdose incidents if peer administrat...
A derivative of the opioid alkaloid THEBAINE that is a more potent and longer lasting analgesic than MORPHINE. It appears to act as a partial agonist at mu and kappa opioid receptors and as an antagonist at delta receptors. The lack of delta-agonist activity has been suggested to account for the observation that buprenorphine tolerance may not develop with chronic use.
Disorders related or resulting from abuse or mis-use of opioids.
An opioid antagonist with properties similar to those of NALOXONE; in addition it also possesses some agonist properties. It should be used cautiously; levallorphan reverses severe opioid-induced respiratory depression but may exacerbate respiratory depression such as that induced by alcohol or other non-opioid central depressants. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p683)
Medical treatment for opioid dependence using a substitute opiate such as METHADONE or BUPRENORPHINE.
A specific opiate antagonist that has no agonist activity. It is a competitive antagonist at mu, delta, and kappa opioid receptors.
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