Usefulness of FDG-PET for Advanced Cervical Cancer
The objective of this study is to determinate whether the adding of FDG-PET is helpful in the treatment of advanced cervical cancer with concurrent chemoradiation.
Concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy is the standard treatment for locally advanced cervical cancer. The radiation field should be adjusted according to the extension of disease, especially the presence of metastatic lymph nodes. At present, CT/ MRI have been applied for the detection of enlarged lymph nodes, as the reference of radiation field. However, not infrequently, a small-sized lymph node on CT/MRI may be metastatic while an enlarged node may be resulted from reactive hyperplasia.
Unlike CT/ MRI, 18F-FDG positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) provides a novel means of imaging malignancy and could differentiate benign tumor from malignancy by functional assessment. Recent studies demonstrated higher accuracy of FDG-PET scan for the evaluation of metastasis in patients with several types of cancers when compared with CT scan or MRI. But, only a few reports concerned the usefulness of FDG-PET in cervical carcinoma.
Our hypothesis is that adding FGD-PET study to a thorough MRI can provide better staging, especially on the identification of metastatic pelvic or para-aortic lymph nodes. In addition, this whole body scan may also detect occult distant metastases that are not detectable by standard workup. Our initial result of a phase II study---"A Preliminary Report of Using FDG-PET to Detect Extra-pelvic Lesions in Cervical Cancer Patients with Enlarged Pelvic Lymph Nodes Shown on MRI/CT Images” indicated that FDG-PET helped to detect occult or small metastatic lesions, and resulted in a change of radiation treatment plan. Nevertheless, for high-risk group patients, distant metastasis still occurred in a short period after treatment. Therefore, it is also our question that whether the enhancement of detection provided by FDG-PET can be translated into improvement of final overall survival.
To answer these questions, the Gynecologic Oncology Study Group in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital has designed a phase III clinical study. Patients with enlarged pelvic lymph node detected on MRI imaging are enrolled and randomized into two groups before the initiation of concurrent chemoradiation.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography
Department of Radiation Oncology, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00146458
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An imaging technique using compounds labelled with short-lived positron-emitting radionuclides (such as carbon-11, nitrogen-13, oxygen-15 and fluorine-18) to measure cell metabolism. It has been useful in study of soft tissues such as CANCER; CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM; and brain. SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION-COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY is closely related to positron emission tomography, but uses isotopes with longer half-lives and resolution is lower.
Tomography, Emission-computed, Single-photon
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.
The compound is given by intravenous injection to do POSITRON-EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY for the assessment of cerebral and myocardial glucose metabolism in various physiological or pathological states including stroke and myocardial ischemia. It is also employed for the detection of malignant tumors including those of the brain, liver, and thyroid gland. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1162)
Whole Body Imaging
The creation of a visual display of the inside of the entire body of a human or animal for the purposes of diagnostic evaluation. This is most commonly achieved by using MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; or POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY.
Tomography using radioactive emissions from injected RADIONUCLIDES and computer ALGORITHMS to reconstruct an image.
Rationale: Diagnostic procedures, such as positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), may help determine response to standard cancer therapy in patients with cervic...
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