Novel Strategies for Reducing Heart Disease Risk Disparities
This Western Pennsylvania-based study will (1) improve cardiovascular risk stratification to identify high-risk populations, (2) identify disparities in cardiovascular risk based on race, socioeconomic status, and geographic location, (3) evaluate mechanisms for population differences in cardiovascular risk, and (4) implement a multidisciplinary community-based intervention program to decrease cardiovascular risk in high-risk populations. These goals, which are designed to eliminate ethnic and racial health disparities, are closely tied to the National Initiative to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health and the nation's health promotion and disease prevention agenda established in Healthy People 2010.
This is a prospective cohort study of 2,000 residents of the state of Pennsylvania with approximately equal representation of white and African American subjects. All participants will undergo assessments of traditional and nontraditional risk factors to identify and determine the mechanisms of population disparities in cardiovascular risk. 800 participants who are at intermediate or high risk of cardiovascular disease will be randomly assigned to either (1) usual care/"advice only"; or (2) a multidisciplinary behavioral modification program to determine the most effective approach to reduce or eliminate racial, socioeconomic and geographic disparities in cardiovascular risk. All participants will undergo long-term follow-up for cardiovascular events.
Well-established disparities exist in the prevalence and outcome of cardiovascular disease related to race and socioeconomic status (SES). Our previous work confirms these disparities and suggests that they may be related to population differences in the prevalence of nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors. We propose that these disparities can be significantly reduced or eliminated by (1) a community-based intervention program that incorporates a multidisciplinary education program led by a behavioral interventionalist, a nutritionist and an exercise physiologist, and (2) a novel approach to cardiovascular risk stratification that considers population differences in traditional and nontraditional risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis.
To successfully implement this program, particularly in traditionally underserved communities, we have formalized a partnership between the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and Graduate School of Public Health, the Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center, and the Pittsburgh Theological Seminary, Urban League of Pittsburgh, and Jewish Healthcare Foundation. This partnership is positioned to study the following specific aims:
1. To determine whether a community-based intervention program that incorporates a multidisciplinary education program led by a behavioral interventionalist, a nutritionist, and an exercise physiologist can reduce racial and socioeconomic disparities in cardiovascular risk in intermediate and high risk populations.
2. To ascertain whether a comprehensive assessment of nontraditional risk factors and subclinical atherosclerosis can provide incremental value above and beyond traditional risk assessment in identifying individuals at high cardiovascular risk.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Nutrition, Exercise, Stress Management Counseling, usual care
University of Pittsburgh
Active, not recruiting
University of Pittsburgh
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00143923
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A method of recording heart motion and internal structures by combining ultrasonic imaging with exercise testing (EXERCISE TEST) or pharmacologic stress.
An organized and comprehensive program of health care that identifies and reduces a woman's reproductive risks before conception through risk assessment, health promotion, and interventions. Preconception care programs may be designed to include the male partner in providing counseling and educational information in preparation for fatherhood, such as genetic counseling and testing, financial and family planning, etc. This concept is different from PRENATAL CARE, which occurs during pregnancy.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
Specialized health care, supportive in nature, provided to a dying person. A holistic approach is often taken, providing patients and their families with legal, financial, emotional, or spiritual counseling in addition to meeting patients' immediate physical needs. Care may be provided in the home, in the hospital, in specialized facilities (HOSPICES), or in specially designated areas of long-term care facilities. The concept also includes bereavement care for the family. (From Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A broad approach to appropriate coordination of the entire disease treatment process that often involves shifting away from more expensive inpatient and acute care to areas such as preventive medicine, patient counseling and education, and outpatient care. This concept includes implications of appropriate versus inappropriate therapy on the overall cost and clinical outcome of a particular disease. (From Hosp Pharm 1995 Jul;30(7):596)
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