Acetaminophen-Induced Hepatotoxicity in Chronic Alcohol Abusers
It is widely believed that people who abuse alcohol can sustain a liver injury after taking doses of acetaminophen just above the recommended maximum dose. This study is designed to look at the interaction between acetaminophen, liver injury and alcohol abuse. Subjects will undergo baseline tests to ensure that they do not have liver damage at the time of enrollment. Each subject will be randomly assigned to receive either a therapeutic dose of acetaminophen or a placebo three times a day for four days. Subjects will have blood work drawn on a daily basis to monitor the status of the liver. These tests will include conventional markers of liver injury in addition to a novel biomarker of liver function, a-GST. Previous work in the investigators' group has shown that a-GST is a more sensitive indicator of liver injury following acetaminophen overdose (Sivilotti 1999, Sivilotti 2002 x 2). However, it has never been used to study the alcoholic population. The investigators believe that a-GST may detect a subclinical acetaminophen-induced liver injury that has previously gone unrecognized in the alcoholic population.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00137059
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Small containers or pellets of a solid drug implanted in the body to achieve sustained release of the drug.
Analgesic antipyretic derivative of acetanilide. It has weak anti-inflammatory properties and is used as a common analgesic, but may cause liver, blood cell, and kidney damage.
A catatoxic steroid and microsomal enzyme inducer having significant effects on the induction of cytochrome P450. It has also demonstrated the potential for protective capability against acetaminophen-induced liver damage.
Inappropriate Adh Syndrome
A condition of HYPONATREMIA and renal salt loss attributed to overexpansion of BODY FLUIDS resulting from sustained release of ANTIDIURETIC HORMONES which stimulates renal resorption of water. It is characterized by normal KIDNEY function, high urine OSMOLALITY, low serum osmolality, and neurological dysfunction. Etiologies include ADH-producing neoplasms, injuries or diseases involving the HYPOTHALAMUS, the PITUITARY GLAND, and the LUNG. This syndrome can also be drug-induced.
Msh Release-inhibiting Hormone
A hypothalamic tripeptide, enzymatic degradation product of OXYTOCIN, that inhibits the release of MELANOCYTE-STIMULATING HORMONES.
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