Alpha Omega Trial: Study of Omega-3 Fatty Acids and Coronary Mortality
The Alpha Omega Trial is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind dietary intervention study in 4837 postmyocardial infarction patients in the Netherlands to examine whether incidence of cardiovascular diseases during 40 months of follow-up can be prevented by low doses of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The key objectives are:
- to examine the effect of low-dose supplementation (400 mg/day) of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid on incidence of cardiovascular diseases; and
- to examine the effect of low-dose supplementation (2 g/day) of alpha-linolenic acid on incidence of cardiovascular diseases.
Whether dietary omega-3 (or n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids are causally related to risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is a major, unresolved question in preventive cardiology. Essential n-3 fatty acids are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; C20:5, n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6, n-3) on one hand, and their parent compound alpha-linolenic acid (ALA; C18:3, n-3) on the other hand. The intake of n-3 fatty acids is below recommended levels in most Western populations. The Alpha Omega Trial is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the effect of low-dose supplementation of ALA and EPA-DHA on CVD. A total of 4837 Dutch men and women aged 60-80 years who had a myocardial infarction in the past 10 years are randomly allocated to 2 g/d of ALA, 400 mg/d of EPA-DHA, 2 g/d ALA + 400 mg/d EPA-DHA, or placebo, for 40 months. Increased intake of n-3 fatty acids is achieved through daily use of 20 g of margarine on bread. Margarines for all treatment groups are similar in taste and appearance. The primary outcome of the trial is 'major cardiovascular events', which comprises incident CVD and cardiac interventions (PCI and CABG) during follow-up. Secondary endpoints are incident CVD, fatal CVD, fatal CHD and all-causes mortality. Complete follow-up for vital status is achieved. Cause-specific mortality is coded by an independent Endpoint Adjudication Committee. Physical examination, blood sampling and data collection on diet and lifestyle are performed in all subjects at baseline, in 810 randomly selected subjects after 20 months of intervention, and in 58% of the cohort at the end of follow-up. Cardiovascular health, serious adverse events, lifestyle, fish intake and margarine use are monitored in all subjects by yearly telephone interviews. Compliance is continuously monitored by registration of margarine tubs. An objective biomarker of compliance (i.e. plasma n-3 fatty acids) is obtained in randomly selected subjects at baseline and after 20 and 40 months of intervention. The Alpha Omega Trial could provide a sound scientific basis for dietary recommendations on intake of ALA and EPA-DHA, in order to reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Medisch Centrum Alkmaar
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00127452
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Lung Diseases, Fungal
Pulmonary diseases caused by fungal infections, usually through hematogenous spread.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
Death, Sudden, Cardiac
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
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