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The protocol ALL-REZ BFM 2002 aims at the optimization of treatment for children with relapsed acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The primary objective of study ALL-REZ BFM 2002 is the randomized comparison of a lower dosed and less intensive, but continuous consolidation therapy with conventional therapy administered in treatment blocks. Outcome measures are the reduction of minimal residual disease (MRD), event-free and overall survival, and the toxicity associated with each treatment strategy.
The study is based on the results of five consecutive trials performed by the ALL-REZ BFM study group since 1983. Thus the study meets the criteria of evidence-based therapy, which has been developed over nearly 20 years. Multi-agent chemotherapy in short intensive courses, which are separated by treatment-free intervals, has proved to be a successful form of induction and consolidation therapy. It is followed by preventative (or therapeutic) cranial irradiation and continuation therapy. A number of risk factors, particularly the time of relapse, site of relapse, and the ALL immunophenotype, allow the stratification of patients into a group that has an acceptable prognosis after treatment with chemotherapy alone and a second group that has a high risk of subsequent recurrence following the achievement of a second remission. The latter group requires further intensification of consolidation therapy by allogenic stem cell transplantation (SCT). To date, the indication for SCT has remained unclear for a large and heterogeneous group of patients with an intermediate prognosis. During the precursor study ALL-REZ BFM 96, however, the amount of minimal residual disease (MRD) determined quantitatively with clonal molecular markers after the second induction therapy element was shown to be a highly significant predictor of relapse-free survival.
The primary objective of study ALL-REZ BFM 2002 is the randomized comparison of a lower dosed and less intensive, but continuous consolidation therapy with conventional therapy administered in treatment blocks. Outcome measures are the reduction of MRD, event-free and overall survival, and the toxicity associated with each treatment strategy.
The secondary objectives include an improvement of the prognosis in the intermediate risk group using the stratification in treatment arms with and without allogenic SCT based on the MRD result after the second treatment element of induction therapy. An additional aim is to improve the remission induction rate in all groups by increasing the treatment intensity during induction. This is achieved by shortening the intervals between treatment blocks in keeping with the principles of guiding therapy as defined in the protocol. A series of biological companion studies aims to advance our understanding of the disorder and to establish novel prognostic factors that will allow a risk-adapted therapy.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Acute
R-Blocks, Protocol II-Ida
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:53:11-0400
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A pyrimidine nucleoside analog that is used mainly in the treatment of leukemia, especially acute non-lymphoblastic leukemia. Cytarabine is an antimetabolite antineoplastic agent that inhibits the synthesis of DNA. Its actions are specific for the S phase of the cell cycle. It also has antiviral and immunosuppressant properties. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p472)
Enzyme that is a major constituent of kidney brush-border membranes and is also present to a lesser degree in the brain and other tissues. It preferentially catalyzes cleavage at the amino group of hydrophobic residues of the B-chain of insulin as well as opioid peptides and other biologically active peptides. The enzyme is inhibited primarily by EDTA, phosphoramidon, and thiorphan and is reactivated by zinc. Neprilysin is identical to common acute lymphoblastic leukemia antigen (CALLA Antigen), an important marker in the diagnosis of human acute lymphocytic leukemia. There is no relationship with CALLA PLANT.
A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and adolescents and characterized by a high number of lymphoblasts and solid tumor lesions. Frequent sites involve LYMPH NODES, skin, and bones. It most commonly presents as leukemia.
A rare acute myeloid leukemia characterized by abnormal EOSINOPHILS in the bone marrow.
An acute myeloid leukemia in which abnormal PROMYELOCYTES predominate. It is frequently associated with DISSEMINATED INTRAVASCULAR COAGULATION.
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