Decitabine and FR901228 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Leukemia, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, or Myeloproliferative Disorders
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as decitabine and FR901228, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. FR901228 may also stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth and by blocking blood flow to the cancer. Giving decitabine together with FR901228 may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of decitabine and FR901228 in treating patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes or myeloproliferative disorders.
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose and recommended phase II dose of decitabine and FR901228 (depsipeptide) in patients with relapsed or refractory leukemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or myeloproliferative disease.
- Determine the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the clinical activity of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
Patients receive decitabine IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 and 8-12 and FR901228 (depsipeptide) IV over 4 hours on days 5 and 12 OR days 5, 12, and 19. Treatment repeats every 4-6 weeks for at least 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients experiencing complete remission for 1 year are removed from the study.
Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of decitabine and FR901228 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30-36 patients will be accrued for this study within 5-18 months.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00114257
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Clonal myeloid disorders that possess both dysplastic and proliferative features but are not properly classified as either MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES or MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.
Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, Bcr-abl Negative
A myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disorder characterized by myelodysplasia associated with bone marrow and peripheral blood patterns similar to CHRONIC MYELOID LEUKEMIA, but cytogenetically lacking a PHILADELPHIA CHROMOSOME or bcr/abl fusion gene (GENES, ABL).
Ciliary Motility Disorders
Conditions caused by abnormal CILIA movement in the body, usually causing KARTAGENER SYNDROME, chronic respiratory disorders, chronic SINUSITIS, and chronic OTITIS. Abnormal ciliary beating is likely due to defects in any of the 200 plus ciliary proteins, such as missing motor enzyme DYNEIN arms.
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Juvenile
A leukemia affecting young children characterized by SPLENOMEGALY, enlarged lymph nodes, rashes, and hemorrhages. Traditionally classed as a myeloproliferative disease, it is now considered a mixed myeloproliferative-mylelodysplastic disorder.
Leukemia, Myelomonocytic, Chronic
A myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative disease characterized by monocytosis, increased monocytes in the bone marrow, variable degrees of dysplasia, but an absence of immature granulocytes in the blood.
The purpose of this study is to find out the safe dose range of the study drug in patients with myeloproliferative disorders.
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