Effects of Sage on Memory and Mental Performance in Alzheimer's Disease Patients
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of the herb sage in improving the mental function of individuals with Alzheimer's disease.
Study hypothesis: The administration of sage will improve cognitive function in patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.
The herb sage has been shown to enhance memory and mental function in healthy, young adults. However, studies assessing the herb's effectiveness in older adults with symptoms of Alzheimer's disease are limited. This study will determine the effect of sage extract on the cognitive function of patients with mild Alzheimer's disease.
This study will last 6 weeks and will comprise 4 study visits, approximately 10 days apart. Participants will be randomly assigned to receive either sage pills or no treatment during each 10-day period. The treatment assignments will be switched in 10-day intervals, so that during the course of the study, each participant will undergo two periods of sage treatment and two periods without treatment. At each study visit, participants will undergo cognitive testing, including tests to determine attention, memory, and visual cognition. Participants will also undergo an electroencephalogram (EEG) and an electrocardiogram (ECG) at each visit.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Salvia officinalis (sage)
Oregon Health and Science University
Oregon Health and Science University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00110552
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A plant species of the Salvia genus known as a spice and medicinal plant.
Abnormal structures located chiefly in distal dendrites and, along with NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES and SENILE PLAQUES, constitute the three morphological hallmarks of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. Neuropil threads are made up of straight and paired helical filaments which consist of abnormally phosphorylated microtubule-associated tau proteins. It has been suggested that the threads have a major role in the cognitive impairment seen in Alzheimer disease.
Vaccines or candidate vaccines used to prevent or treat ALZHEIMER DISEASE.
Aphasia, Primary Progressive
A progressive form of dementia characterized by the global loss of language abilities and initial preservation of other cognitive functions. Fluent and nonfluent subtypes have been described. Eventually a pattern of global cognitive dysfunction, similar to ALZHEIMER DISEASE, emerges. Pathologically, there are no Alzheimer or PICK DISEASE like changes, however, spongiform changes of cortical layers II and III are present in the TEMPORAL LOBE and FRONTAL LOBE. (From Brain 1998 Jan;121(Pt 1):115-26)
Amyloid Beta-protein Precursor
A precursor to the AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN (beta/A4). Alterations in the expression of the amyloid beta-protein precursor (ABPP) gene, located on chromosome 21, plays a role in the development of the neuropathology common to both ALZHEIMER DISEASE and DOWN SYNDROME. ABPP is associated with the extensive extracellular matrix secreted by neuronal cells. Upon cleavage, this precursor produces three proteins of varying amino acid lengths: 695, 751, and 770. The beta/A4 (695 amino acids) or beta-amyloid protein is the principal component of the extracellular amyloid in senile plaques found in ALZHEIMER DISEASE; DOWN SYNDROME and, to a limited extent, in normal aging.
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