Sputum Cytology in Screening Heavy Smokers For Lung Cancer
RATIONALE: Screening tests, such as sputum cytology, may help doctors find tumor cells early and plan better treatment for lung cancer.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well sputum cytology works in screening heavy smokers for lung cancer.
- Classify annual sputum samples cytologically in participants with or without airflow obstruction and a heavy smoking history.
- Correlate sputum cytological atypia (moderate atypia or worse) with lung cancer incidence in these participants.
- Correlate changes in sputum cytology (i.e., changes toward higher grades of atypia) with lung cancer incidence in these participants.
- Determine other risk factors for lung cancer (e.g., diet, family history, smoking history, and medications) that may either confound or modify the association between sputum cytology and lung cancer risk in these participants.
OUTLINE: Two 3-day pooled sputum samples are collected for 6 consecutive days from participants by the spontaneous cough technique for cytopathological evaluation. Participants also complete a risk factor questionnaire and undergo a pulmonary function test by spirometry and a blood draw.
Participants complete a questionnaire updating smoking, vital, and lung cancer status and undergo sputum sample collection annually.
Participants are informed of sputum cytology results.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3,400 participants (2,900 with airflow obstruction and 500 without airflow obstruction) will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Screening
cytology specimen collection procedure, physiologic testing, annual screening, study of high risk factors
University of Colorado Health Sciences Center - Denver
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00103363
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.
Testing in which the source of the specimen or the person being tested is not individually identified.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Library Collection Development
Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.
The technique of spraying a tissue specimen with a thin coat of a heavy metal such as platinum. The specimen is sprayed from an oblique angle, which results in the uneven deposition of the coating. The varying thicknesses create a shadow effect and give a three-dimensional appearance to the specimen.
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