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The perinatal morbidity and mortality rates for Brazil are five to ten-fold higher than those reported for upper income countries. This study tests the likelihood that the joint administration of antioxidants vitamin C (1000 mg) and vitamin E (400 IU) will reduce the incidence of preeclampsia among chronically hypertensive pregnant patients and patients with a past history of preeclampsia/eclampsia.
The maternal, perinatal and neonatal morbidity and mortality rates for Brazil are five to ten-fold higher than those reported for upper income countries. In Sao Paulo, 22 percent of maternal deaths are attributable to hypertensive complications of pregnancy, which ranks as the number one cause of maternal death. Recent advances in the understanding of the pathophysiology of preeclampsia suggest the possibility of antioxidant therapy for the prevention of preeclampsia. The primary hypothesis is that the joint administration of the antioxidants vitamin C (1000 mg) and vitamin E (400 IU) will reduce the incidence of preeclampsia among chronically hypertensive pregnant patients and patients with a past history of preeclampsia/eclampsia. Secondary outcomes include severity of preeclampsia; incidence of gestational hypertension; incidence of premature rupture of the membranes; incidence of preterm birth; incidence of low birth weight infants; biomarker level correlation with preeclampsia.
Study sites are high-risk obstetrical clinics in the Brazilian cities of Recife, Botucatu, Campinas, and Porto Alegre. The sample size was based on an estimated risk of preeclampsia/eclampsia of 21-25% in the control group. The study hypothesizes a 40% absolute reduction of risk of preeclampsia; early treatment withdrawal of 3%; withdrawal of consent or loss to follow-up of 10%; calculated at a 0.05 significance level with 80% power. Seven hundred thirty-four obstetric patients with chronic hypertension or preeclampsia in the prior pregnancy presenting for care between 12 weeks and 19 weeks', 6 days gestation will be randomized to a double-blinded placebo controlled trial to receive a daily dose of either vitamin E (400 International Units) and vitamin C (1000 mg) or placebo from the time of enrollment to delivery. The use of MEMS caps enables researchers to accurately track compliance.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Vitamin C and E
Federal University of Pernambuco
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:53:52-0400
Preeclampsia is one of the most common complications of pregnancy and is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. This can cause problems in the second half of pregna...
Aims: Pre-eclampsia is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. Preeclampsia frequency is 2-8% from all pregnancies. Dietary factors and dieta...
Infections affecting the mother during pregnancy may produce alterations in the normal cytokine and hormone-regulated gestation, which could result in preeclampsia, preterm labor, prematur...
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Worldwide, preeclampsia is a significant health risk to both pregnant women and their unborn children. Despite scientific advances, the exact pathogenesis of preeclampsia is not yet fully understood. ...
Every tenth pregnancy is affected by hypertension, one of the most common complications and leading causes of maternal death worldwide. Hypertensive disorders in pregnancy include pregnancy-induced hy...
Preeclampsia is a complex genetic disease of pregnancy with a heterogenous presentation, unknown cause and potential severe outcomes for both mother and child. Preeclamptic women have increased risk f...
Preeclampsia is a syndrome that affects 5% of all pregnancies, producing substantial maternal and prenatal morbidity and mortality. Several studies have reported that cytokine genes are associated wit...
The focus on disease mechanisms underlying the hypertension and proteinuria defining preeclampsia has increased knowledge of the pathophysiology yet we lack both therapy and predictors. We propose thi...
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
A family of phylloquinones that contains a ring of 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone and an isoprenoid side chain. Members of this group of vitamin K 1 have only one double bond on the proximal isoprene unit. Rich sources of vitamin K 1 include green plants, algae, and photosynthetic bacteria. Vitamin K1 has antihemorrhagic and prothrombogenic activity.
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
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