Daptomycin in the Treatment of Subjects With Infective Endocarditis or Bacteremia Due to S. Aureus
The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of daptomycin, an antibiotic, to standard therapy in subjects who have infective endocarditis or bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus).
Even with prompt treatment, Staphylococcus aureus Infective Endocarditis (IE) continues to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality indicating a need for new therapeutic approaches. In vitro, daptomycin is rapidly bactericidal, with concentration-dependent killing, and MIC90 of 0.5 g/ml for S. aureus; in clinical studies, daptomycin appears to be well tolerated and can be administered once every 24 hours by i.v. infusion. These characteristics suggest it should be clinically and microbiologically effective in the treatment of serious S. aureus infections, including IE and bacteremia
Comparison: standard of care (Vancomycin or Semi-synthetic Penicillin with adjunct gentamicin)
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00093067
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Endocarditis, Subacute Bacterial
ENDOCARDIUM infection that is usually caused by STREPTOCOCCUS. Subacute infective endocarditis evolves over weeks and months with modest toxicity and rare metastatic infection.
Serum Bactericidal Test
Method of measuring the bactericidal activity contained in a patient's serum as a result of antimicrobial therapy. It is used to monitor the therapy in BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; OSTEOMYELITIS and other serious bacterial infections. As commonly performed, the test is a variation of the broth dilution test. This test needs to be distinguished from testing of the naturally occurring BLOOD BACTERICIDAL ACTIVITY.
A circumscribed collection of purulent exudate in the brain, due to bacterial and other infections. The majority are caused by spread of infected material from a focus of suppuration elsewhere in the body, notably the PARANASAL SINUSES, middle ear (see EAR, MIDDLE); HEART (see also ENDOCARDITIS, BACTERIAL), and LUNG. Penetrating CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA and NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES may also be associated with this condition. Clinical manifestations include HEADACHE; SEIZURES; focal neurologic deficits; and alterations of consciousness. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp712-6)
A species of gram-negative bacteria in the genus HAEMOPHILUS, found in the normal flora of the human ORAL CAVITY and PHARYNX. It can cause SUBACUTE BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS; and BRAIN ABSCESS, among other conditions.
A cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic that inhibits GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIA.
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