Community-Based Cognitive Therapy for Suicide Attempters
This study will determine the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in preventing future suicide attempts in repeat suicide attempters.
Rates of mental health and substance use disorders are high among economically disadvantaged, ethnic minority populations. Studies have shown that CBT designed for this high-risk population is successful at reducing suicide attempts in people with suicidal thoughts or attempts. This study will implement a CBT intervention into the community and will focus on increasing compliance with psychiatric, substance abuse, and medical treatment.
Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to receive either CBT plus standard care or standard care alone. Participants who receive CBT will have ten weekly sessions of treatment. Suicidal thoughts or attempts, hopelessness, depression, health care utilization, and overall psychological and social adaptation will be assessed. Assessments will be made 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after study completion.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
University of Pennsylvania - Psychopathology Research Unit
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00081367
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
Therapy whose primary emphasis is on the physical and social structuring of the environment to promote interpersonal relationships which will be influential in reducing behavioral disturbances of patients.
The use of music as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
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