Clinical Investigation of Mandibular Implant Overdenture
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of three variable dental implant attachment methodologies in conjunction with lower dental-implant retained/supported complete overdenture treatment. These three methods are all presently used by dental practitioners, but vary significantly in terms of added treatment cost and complexity. The study tests the hypothesis that the least complex and costly method provides an equivalent treatment outcome to other more complex and costly methods.
This project utilizes 30 subjects in a prospective, randomly assigned clinical study that uses a four-period, six sequence, three treatment crossover design to test the hypothesis that defined outcomes of variable implant overdenture treatments are equivalent. The project tests three overdenture treatment modalities, (1) four-implant, bar/clip-attached treatment, (2) two-implant, bar/clip-attached treatment, and (3) two-implant independently attached (O-ring) treatment. Each subject has four dental implants placed into the anterior mandible and new dentures are fabricated. After successful implant integration, subjects are randomly assigned to one of six sequences of treatment. Each treatment is followed for data collection for at least twelve months before the mandibular denture is modified to incorporate the next treatment in the sequence. Equivalence is measured in terms of prosthesis retention, stability, supporting and peri-implant tissue response, patient satisfaction/preference and treatment complications/failures.
Information from this study will assist dental practitioners during treatment planning in selecting appropriate and cost effective treatment choices. There is an inverse relationship between edentulism in the U.S. population and socioeconomic status. If less costly and simplified treatment methods are shown to provide an equivalent treatment outcome to more costly/complex methods, these simplified treatments can be used to treat a larger percentage of the edentulous population.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Bio-equivalence Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Implant Overdenture Treatment
Virginia Commonwealth University
Virginia Commonwealth University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00066014
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Immediate Dental Implant Loading
Endosseous dental implantation where implants are fitted with an abutment or where an implant with a transmucosal coronal portion is used immediately (within 1 week) after the initial extraction. Conventionally, the implantation is performed in two stages with more than two months in between the stages.
Dental Implantation, Endosseous
Insertion of an implant into the bone of the mandible or maxilla. The implant has an exposed head which protrudes through the mucosa and is a prosthodontic abutment.
Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment
Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.
Dental Prosthesis, Implant-supported
A prosthesis that gains its support, stability, and retention from a substructure that is implanted under the soft tissues of the basal seat of the device and is in contact with bone. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)
Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.
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Less expensive but an approach with risks.
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