Education Program to Promote Female Condom Use
The female condom offers women a potentially important option for HIV prevention. This study will develop and evaluate a health education program to increase female condom use among ethnically diverse women.
AIDS incidence among women has grown at alarming rates since 1985. Heterosexual contact is now the greatest risk for HIV infection in women. Women in the United States urgently need more options to protect themselves against HIV. Nonetheless, limited prevention efforts have targeted women. The female condom is a potentially important option for HIV prevention in women. However, little research has been conducted to identify effective approaches to promote the female condom as the only female-controlled barrier method available to date. This study will develop a theoretically and empirically based intervention to increase female condom use among ethnically diverse women who engage in multiple sexual partnerships.
The proposed female condom skills training intervention applies social cognitive theory. It also incorporates our extensive previous research that examined female condom acceptability and identified the attitudinal, interpersonal, and sociocultural factors affecting female condom use. The intervention consists of four sessions: 1) individual safer sex education and condom use skills training; 2) group discussion of barriers to female condom use; 3) group condom negotiation skills training; and 4) individual condom use counseling. The efficacy of the intervention will be assessed by comparing it to a control condition intervention that focuses on women's general health issues unrelated to HIV/AIDS. The control condition intervention has four sessions: 1) individual health education; 2) group discussion of women's health problems and related risk behaviors; 3) group discussion of healthy living; and 4) individual health risk reduction counseling.
This study will use a randomized clinical trial design. Study participants will be randomly assigned to one of two conditions: female condom skills training or women's general health promotion. All participants will be interviewed at study entry, 3 months, and 6 months. Attitudinal, psychosexual, and behavioral data will be collected to evaluate the intervention.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Female condom skills training
Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, University of California, San Francisco
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00062634
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Training of the mentally or physically disabled in work skills so they may be returned to regular employment utilizing these skills.
Tuberculosis, Female Genital
MYCOBACTERIUM infections of the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Tumor or cancer of the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
Genital Diseases, Female
Pathological processes involving the female reproductive tract (GENITALIA, FEMALE).
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