Family Based Treatment of Early Childhood Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
This study will evaluate a treatment program for young children with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and their families.
Childhood onset OCD is a serious condition that may be a predictor of illness in adulthood. To date, no OCD psychotherapy trials have specifically focused on early childhood. Development of interventions for childhood onset OCD that address both developmental considerations and familial relationships is necessary.
Participants are randomly assigned to receive 12 sessions of either Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) or Relaxation Training (RT) over the course of 14 weeks. The CBT treatment is designed to lessen anxiety by addressing specific OCD symptoms. The relaxation intervention addresses generalized feelings of anxiety with the expectation that OCD symptoms may benefit indirectly. The clarity, completeness, acceptability, and feasibility of both interventions is assessed. A 3-month post-treatment follow-up is also conducted.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Relaxation Training
Rhode Island Hospital/Brown University
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00055068
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
Compulsive Personality Disorder
Disorder characterized by an emotionally constricted manner that is unduly conventional, serious, formal, and stingy, by preoccupation with trivial details, rules, order, organization, schedules, and lists, by stubborn insistence on having things one's own way without regard for the effects on others, by poor interpersonal relationships, and by indecisiveness due to fear of making mistakes.
The use of art as an adjunctive therapy in the treatment of neurological, mental, or behavioral disorders.
Technique based on muscle relaxation during self-hypnotic exercises. It is used in conjunction with psychotherapy.
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This study will compare the effectiveness of family-based cognitive behavioral therapy to family-based relaxation therapy in treating young children with obsessive-compulsive disorder.
No abstract available.
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