Dose Safety, Tolerability, and Immunogenicity of a New Smallpox Vaccine in Adults Without Previous Smallpox Vaccination
The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and the effectiveness of a new vaccine for the prevention of the disease, smallpox.
In addition to assessment of safety parameters, the objective of this study is to determine the minimum dose of ACAM1000 that is calculated to produce a major cutaneous reaction in at least 90% of a population of healthy adults 18-29 years of age and naïve to smallpox vaccine. Specifically, the objectives of this study are to:
1. Compare the safety and tolerability of three dose levels of ACAM1000 and a standard dose of Dryvax® in healthy adults 18-29 years of age and naïve to smallpox vaccine. Safety and tolerability will be determined by examination of the local cutaneous reaction, adverse events, physical examinations, vital signs, structured interviews, and laboratory analysis.
2. Determine the immunogenicity of three dose levels of ACAM1000 and a standard dose of Dryvax® in healthy adults 18-29 years of age by comparing: (a)the proportion of subjects at each dose level who develop a major cutaneous reaction; (b)the proportion of subjects in each treatment group who develop neutralizing antibodies, including the fold-increase in antibody titer between Baseline and Day 30 sera; and the geometric mean vaccinia neutralizing antibody titer on Day 30.
3. Determine the minimum dose of ACAM1000 that is calculated to produce a major cutaneous reaction in at least 90% of a population of healthy adults 18-29 years of age and naïve to smallpox vaccine.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
ACAM1000, vaccinia virus (calf lymph) smallpox vaccine: Dryvax
Orlando Clinical Research Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00053508
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A live VACCINIA VIRUS vaccine of calf lymph or chick embryo origin, used for immunization against smallpox. It is now recommended only for laboratory workers exposed to smallpox virus. Certain countries continue to vaccinate those in the military service. Complications that result from smallpox vaccination include vaccinia, secondary bacterial infections, and encephalomyelitis. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The type species of ORTHOPOXVIRUS, related to COWPOX VIRUS, but whose true origin is unknown. It has been used as a live vaccine against SMALLPOX. It is also used as a vector for inserting foreign DNA into animals. Rabbitpox virus is a subspecies of VACCINIA VIRUS.
The cutaneous and occasional systemic reactions associated with vaccination using smallpox (variola) vaccine.
A viral disease infecting PRIMATES and RODENTS. Its clinical presentation in humans is similar to SMALLPOX including FEVER; HEADACHE; COUGH; and a painful RASH. It is caused by MONKEYPOX VIRUS and is usually transmitted to humans through BITES or via contact with an animal's BLOOD. Interhuman transmission is relatively low (significantly less than smallpox).
A live attenuated virus vaccine of chick embryo origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of adolescents and adults who have not had mumps or been immunized with live mumps vaccine. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine.
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