Computer-Assisted Adherence Program for Patients Taking Anti-HIV Drugs
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV produces dramatic reductions in morbidity and mortality for many patients who maintain a high level of adherence to their medications. However, 20% to 33% of HIV infected patients will miss at least one of their medication doses over a one to three day period. Patient self-report is the most practical method for assessing adherence, but it may produce unreliable and invalid results unless optimally performed. A computer-assisted, self-administered adherence program could improve HIV infected patients’ adherence behaviors by accurately and efficiently assessing their medication adherence, delivering an adherence intervention to patients, and producing adherence reports for providers. By providing a neutral and seemingly private interview, computer programs may increase patient disclosure of non-adherence. This study will evaluate the efficacy of a computer-assisted, self-administered adherence program in reducing regimen misunderstandings and enhancing patient adherence.
Participants in this study will be recruited from within the Positive Health Program at San Francisco General Hospital. Patients will be randomly assigned to a Control or Intervention Group. Control Group participants will complete an audio computer-assisted self-interview (A-CASI) assessing their understanding of their medication regimen and adherence. Intervention Group participants will complete the adherence A-CASI and will receive a brief computer-delivered intervention consisting of a graphical depiction of their correct regimen and strategies for improving adherence. Study investigators will forward a computer-generated adherence report, which summarizes their adherence and suggests appropriate interventions, to the Intervention Group’s health care providers. All participants will be assessed at least three times over a 6-month period: study entry, Month 3, and Month 6.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
San Francisco General Hospital
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00051766
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
To evaluate factors influencing the risk of transfusion-transmitted human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and its progression to clinically significant manifestations.
This study will investigate the use of Reiki, an energy-based complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) intervention, as an approach to improve well-being for patients with advanced AID...
Ritonavir boosted protease inhibitor based therapy will have equivalent antiviral efficacy over 48 weeks compared to NNRTI based therapy in patients who are antiretroviral therapy naïve a...
To determine the effectiveness of efforts to eliminate the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) from whole blood and blood components in the blood supply.
A Study to Evaluate the Safety and Effectiveness of Epoetin Alfa in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) Patients With Anemia Caused Both by Their Disease and by AZT (Zidovudine, an Antiviral Drug) Given as Treatment for Their Disease
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of epoetin alfa versus placebo for the treatment of anemia in AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) patients with ...
Pneumothorax is a serious and relatively frequent complication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection that may associate with increased morbidity and mortality and may prove difficult to mana...
Haitian immigrant women, the largest growing Black ethnic group in Miami, experience the highest rates of cervical cancer and account for one of the largest populations diagnosed with human immunodefi...
Oral lesions are among the earliest clinical manifestations of human immunodeficiency (HIV) infection and are important in early diagnosis and for monitoring the progression to acquired immunodeficien...
Computer-based cognitive retraining (CBCR) intervention has gained great popularity in recent years. This study aimed to investigate the occurrence of skill generalization to daily living task for ind...
Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a major public health problem in sub-saharan Africa. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been reported to enhance HIV replication an...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Species of the genus LENTIVIRUS, subgenus primate immunodeficiency viruses (IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES, PRIMATE), that induces acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in monkeys and apes (SAIDS). The genetic organization of SIV is virtually identical to HIV.
An acquired defect of cellular immunity associated with infection by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), a CD4-positive T-lymphocyte count under 200 cells/microliter or less than 14% of total lymphocytes, and increased susceptibility to opportunistic infections and malignant neoplasms. Clinical manifestations also include emaciation (wasting) and dementia. These elements reflect criteria for AIDS as defined by the CDC in 1993.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs naturally in macaques infected with SRV serotypes, experimentally in monkeys inoculated with SRV or MASON-PFIZER MONKEY VIRUS; (MPMV), or in monkeys infected with SIMIAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in mice infected with mouse leukemia viruses (MuLV). The syndrome shows striking similarities with human AIDS and is characterized by lymphadenopathy, profound immunosuppression, enhanced susceptibility to opportunistic infections, and B-cell lymphomas.
Acquired defect of cellular immunity that occurs in cats infected with feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and in some cats infected with feline leukemia virus (FeLV).