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The purpose of this study is to investigate whether soy-derived phytoestrogens taken as dietary supplements improve memory function in postmenopausal women who have experienced early memory decline.
Accumulating data has indicated that estrogens mediate enhancing effects on cognition and mood and may play a prophylactic role against age- and disease-related cognitive-cerebral decline. Phytoestrogens are plant-derived substances that have demonstrated estrogenic activity, but there is little prospective research regarding their effects on mental function. Mental health practitioners generally do not prescribe phytoestrogens. However, many women experiencing peri- and post-menopausal symptoms use marketed phytoestrogens under the perception of general health benefits, including presumably enhanced mental function. The purpose of this study is to develop preliminary data regarding the efficacy of isoflavone phytoestrogens in improving cognitive function in late middle-aged and elderly postmenopausal women with symptoms of memory impairment.
Participants in this study will be randomized to receive either isoflavone supplementation or placebo. The study will last for 16 weeks, during which participants will take the supplement pill or placebo three times a day. Participants will be assessed at study entry and at Week 16 for changes in basal cortisol levels, mood, and neuropsychological measures of executive function ability and episodic memory.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Cincinnati College of Medicine
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:55:35-0400
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The purpose of this study is to determine whether soy isoflavone supplementation is safe and effective to prevent bone loss in postmenopausal women.
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Loss of the ability to form new memories beyond a certain point in time. This condition may be organic or psychogenic in origin. Organically induced anterograde amnesia may follow CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; SEIZURES; ANOXIA; and other conditions which adversely affect neural structures associated with memory formation (e.g., the HIPPOCAMPUS; FORNIX (BRAIN); MAMMILLARY BODIES; and ANTERIOR THALAMIC NUCLEI). (From Memory 1997 Jan-Mar;5(1-2):49-71)
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Temporary storage of information for a few seconds to hours, as opposed to long-term memory which refers to material stored for days, years, or a lifetime.
A rare form of DEMENTIA that is sometimes familial. Clinical features include APHASIA; APRAXIA; CONFUSION; ANOMIA; memory loss; and personality deterioration. This pattern is consistent with the pathologic findings of circumscribed atrophy of the poles of the FRONTAL LOBE and TEMPORAL LOBE. Neuronal loss is maximal in the HIPPOCAMPUS, entorhinal cortex, and AMYGDALA. Some ballooned cortical neurons contain argentophylic (Pick) bodies. (From Brain Pathol 1998 Apr;8(2):339-54; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1057-9)
Disturbances in registering an impression, in the retention of an acquired impression, or in the recall of an impression. Memory impairments are associated with DEMENTIA; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; ENCEPHALITIS; ALCOHOLISM (see also ALCOHOL AMNESTIC DISORDER); SCHIZOPHRENIA; and other conditions.
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