Apnea Positive Pressure Long-Term Efficacy Study
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS).
Nasal CPAP therapy is in widespread use as the primary treatment for OSAS, a sleep-related breathing disorder affecting more than 15 million Americans. The therapeutic effectiveness of CPAP in providing significant, stable, and long-term neurocognitive or other functional benefits to patients with OSAS has not been systematically investigated.
The study is a randomized, blinded, sham-controlled, multi-center trial of CPAP therapy. The principal aims of the study are: 1) to assess the long-term effectiveness of CPAP therapy on neurocognitive function, mood, sleepiness, and quality of life by administering tests of these indices to subjects randomly assigned to active or sham CPAP; 2) to identify specific neurocognitive deficits associated with OSAS in a large, heterogeneous subject population; 3) to determine which deficits in neurocognitive function in OSAS subjects are reversible and most sensitive to the effects of CPAP; 4) to develop a composite multivariate outcome measure from the results of this study that can be used to assess the clinical effectiveness of CPAP in improving neurocognitive function, mood, sleepiness, and quality of life; and 5) to use functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare cortical activation before and after CPAP therapy, and to assess whether this change is associated with improvement in specific neurocognitive task performance. The primary endpoint of the study is the effect of six months of CPAP treatment on neurocognitive function. A total of 1100 subjects (550 per treatment group) will be enrolled from the patient populations at five sites (Stanford University; University of Arizona; Brigham and Women's Hospital; Massachusetts; St. Luke's Hospital, Missouri; St. Mary Medical Center, Washington).
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Positive Pressure Respiration, Sham CPAP machine
University of Arizona AHSC
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00051363
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Non-therapeutic positive end-expiratory pressure occurring frequently in patients with severe airway obstruction. It can appear with or without the administration of external positive end-expiratory pressure (POSITIVE-PRESSURE RESPIRATION). It presents an important load on the inspiratory muscles which are operating at a mechanical disadvantage due to hyperinflation. Auto-PEEP may cause profound hypotension that should be treated by intravascular volume expansion, increasing the time for expiration, and/or changing from assist mode to intermittent mandatory ventilation mode. (From Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 12th ed, p1127)
Application of positive pressure to the inspiratory phase of spontaneous respiration.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The capability of the LUNGS to distend under pressure as measured by pulmonary volume change per unit pressure change. While not a complete description of the pressure-volume properties of the lung, it is nevertheless useful in practice as a measure of the comparative stiffness of the lung. (From Best & Taylor's Physiological Basis of Medical Practice, 12th ed, p562)
Apparatus that provides mechanical circulatory support during open-heart surgery, by passing the heart to facilitate surgery on the organ. The basic function of the machine is to oxygenate the body's venous supply of blood and then pump it back into the arterial system. The machine also provides intracardiac suction, filtration, and temperature control. Some of the more important components of these machines include pumps, oxygenators, temperature regulators, and filters. (UMDNS, 1999)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether functional status improves in individuals with milder obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) following continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) t...
Fatigue is a symptom present in 76 to 92% of people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Fatigue is usually described as an overwhelming sense of tiredness, lack of energy, and feeling of exhaust...
The purpose of this study is to determine if an Autoadjusting CPAP machine is better than the regular CPAP machine in treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the postoperative setting.
The role of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in cardiac function in patients with CSA and OSA has been studied with varying results. Nevertheless, it is not clear whether CPAP tr...
In patients with underlying heart diseases like hypertensive heart disease, coronary heart disease or dilative cardiomyopathy obstructive sleep-apnea, central sleep-apnea and Cheyne-Stok...
Aim: We investigated the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on the time to fatigue, rates of perceived exertion (RPE), and cardiovascular responses during sustained, high-intensity...
We report a case that showed transitional, severe emergent periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) in the first continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration night and mild PLMS in the 3rd...
Background: In the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), lung-protective ventilation strategies combine the delivery of small tidal volumes (VT) with sufficient positive end-expiratory pressure...
Background: In a previous uncontrolled study, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) improved vision in patients with diabetic macular oedema. Objectives...
To examine whether in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients the degree of sleepiness, slow-wave sleep (SWS) loss, and hypoxia influence the response of psychological symptoms to continuous positive a...