Treatment of Agitation/Psychosis in Dementia/Parkinsonism (TAP/DAP)
The primary aim of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of quetiapine (Seroquel) for the treatment of psychosis and/or agitation in patients with primary dementia complicated by coexistent parkinsonism, or patients with Parkinson's disease with dementia [PDD] who have episodes of agitation or psychosis. The secondary aim is to determine the safety and tolerability, particularly the influence on parkinsonism, of quetiapine when used to treat psychosis and/or agitation in patients with dementia complicated by coexistent parkinsonism.
Psychosis and agitation often occur in the course of dementia and are a major source of patient disability and caregiver stress. For the common situation in which extrapyramidal (parkinsonian) motor dysfunction accompanies dementia, there is a therapeutic dilemma since the most frequently used drugs to treat the behavioral problems, neuroleptic antipsychotics, can worsen parkinsonism and have been associated with severe extrapyramidal reactions in some types of dementia. To date, the efficacy and tolerability of a promising alternative medication class to treat psychosis and agitation, namely atypical antipsychotics, has not been tested in patients with a primary dementia selected for coexisting parkinsonism.
This is a multicenter double-blind, controlled clinical trial in which 60 subjects with a primary dementia (probable Alzheimer's disease [AD] or probable dementia with Lewy bodies [DLB]) and coexisting parkinsonism, or Parkinson's disease with dementia [PDD] will be randomized to 1 of 2 treatment groups: (1) quetiapine (QUET); an atypical antipsychotic with a favorable extrapyramidal side effect profile), or (2) placebo. Each subject participates in the trial for 10 weeks and systematic ratings of behavior, motor function, cognition, adverse events and other outcomes occur at baseline and after 6 and 10 weeks of assigned treatment.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alzheimer's Disease Research Center
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00043849
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration
Heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders characterized by frontal and temporal lobe atrophy associated with neuronal loss, gliosis, and dementia. Patients exhibit progressive changes in social, behavioral, and/or language function. Multiple subtypes or forms are recognized based on presence or absence of TAU PROTEIN inclusions. FTLD includes three clinical syndromes: FRONTOTEMPORAL DEMENTIA, semantic dementia, and PRIMARY PROGRESSIVE NONFLUENT APHASIA.
The most common clinical form of FRONTOTEMPORAL LOBAR DEGENERATION, this dementia presents with personality and behavioral changes often associated with disinhibition, apathy, and lack of insight.
An imprecise term referring to dementia associated with CEREBROVASCULAR DISORDERS, including CEREBRAL INFARCTION (single or multiple), and conditions associated with chronic BRAIN ISCHEMIA. Diffuse, cortical, and subcortical subtypes have been described. (From Gerontol Geriatr 1998 Feb;31(1):36-44)
Diffuse Neurofibrillary Tangles With Calcification
A form of presenile DEMENTIA characterized by cortical dementia, NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES without SENILE PLAQUES, Fahr's type CALCINOSIS, and ATROPHY in frontotemporal or TEMPORAL LOBE.
Delirium, Dementia, Amnestic, Cognitive Disorders
Cognitive disorders including delirium, dementia, and other cognitive disorders. These may be the result of substance use, trauma, or other causes.
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